The Modhera Sun Temple was made by King Bhima I of the Chalukya dynasty in the early 11th century. Sun Temple Modhera’s Gujarat. Temple and its dedication to the Sun God will leave you stunned. The temple was so constructed that during every equinox, the first sun rays would fall on a diamond placed on the Sun God’s head and the entire temple would illuminate in a golden glow.
On other days, two pillars before the garbhagriha would stay illuminated throughout the day, regardless of the position of the sun. All of these can only be left to the imagination now.
History Of The Sun Temple
The Sun Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the solar deity Surya located at Modhera village of Mehsana district, Gujarat. India. It is situated on the bank of the river Pushpavati. It was built after 1026-27 CE during the reign of Bhima of the Chalukyas dynasty.
The Temple Complex Has Three Components
The temple complex is built in (Chaulukya style). The temple complex has three axially aligned components; the shrine proper (garbhagriha) in a hall (gudhamandapa), the outer or assembly hall (sabhamandapa or rangamandapa), and a sacred reservoir (Kunda).
The Sabhamandapa is not in continuation with Gudhamandapa but is placed little away as a separate structure. Both are built on a paved platform. Their roofs have collapsed long ago leaving behind a few lower-most courses. Both roofs are 15′ 9″ in diameter but are constructed differently. The platform or plinth is inverted lotus-shaped.
1.)Gudhamandapa, the shrine hall:-
The Gudhamandapa measures 51 feet 9 inches by 25 feet 8 inches. It is almost equally divided into Gudhamandapa, the hall, and Garbhgriha, the shrine proper. Both are rectangular in plan with one projection on each of the smaller sides and two projections on each of the longer sides. These projections on the smaller sides form the entrance and the back of the shrine.
2.)Sabhamandapa, the assembly hall:-
Sabhamandapa or Rangamandapa, the assembly hall or dancing hall is parallelogram in plan with rows of pillars opening entrance on each side diagonally. The extensively carved exterior has a series of recessed corners giving an impression of the star-like plan of it.[There are 52 intricately carved pillars. Madhusudan Dhaky has suggested that the sabhamandapa may have been later addition based on style and construction.
3.)Kunda, the reservoir:-
Kunda, a tank or reservoir is known as Ramakunda or Suryakunda. The flight of steps through kirti-torana leads to the reservoir. It is rectangular. It measures 176 feet from north to south and 120 feet from east to west. It is paved with stones all around. There are four terraces and recessed steps to descend to reach the bottom of the tank. The main entrance lies in the west. There are steps to reach from one terrace to another on the right angle to the terrace. These steps are rectangular or square except for the first step of each flight of steps which is semicircular. Several miniature shrines and niches in front of the terrace-wall have images of gods including many Vaishnavite deities and goddesses such as Shitala.
However, the sabha mandap still stands on 52 pillars, depicting the 52 weeks in year carvings of the sun, along with its unity with the other 4 elements-air, water, earth, and space- can be spotted on the walls. The halls have intricately carved exterior and pillars. The reservoir has steps to reach the bottom and numerous small shrines.
What Is The Specialty Of Sun Temple of Modhera?
The Sun Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the solar deity Surya located at Modhera village of Mehsana district, Gujarat, India. It is situated on the bank of the river Pushpavati. It was built after 1026-27 CE during the reign of Bhima I of the Chalukyas dynasty.
No worship is offered now and is a protected monument maintained by the Archaeological Survey Of India. At present, the temple is undertaken by the Archaeological Survey of India for renovation and restoration. In 2014, this Modhera Sun Temple was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
There are only 2 sun temples built in India. One is in Konark, Odisha, and others in Modhera, Gujarat.
Who Destroyed Sun Temple Jammu & Kashmir?
Martand is another Sanskrit synonym for Surya. Now in ruins, the temple is located five miles from Anantnag in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The temple was destroyed on the orders of Sultan Sikandar Butshikan, as part of his efforts to forcibly convert Kashmiri people to Islam.
The Tourism Corporation of Gujarat organizes an annual three-day dance festival known as ‘Uttarardha Mahotsav’ at the temple during the third week of January, following the festival of Uttarayan. The objective is to present classical dance forms in an atmosphere similar to that in which they were originally presented.
How To Reach Modhera Gujarat?
By Air: You can fly to the nearest city to Modhera-Ahmedabad-from where regular government bus services are available.
By Train: For the ones boarding a train instead, the nearest railway station is at Mehsana-25 km from Modhera.
By Road: Modhera Sun Temple can be easily reached by boarding a bus or hiring a taxi from anywhere in Gujarat. The Modhera Sun Temple indeed leaves you awestruck. It is one place, amidst all the ruins, where you’ll find a perfect blend of ageless creativity and tremendous hard work.
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The Veerabhadra temple is in Lepakshi in the Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Built-in the 16th century, the architectural features of the temple are in the Vijayanagara style with a profusion of carvings and paintings at almost every exposed surface of the temple.
The temple dates back to 1583 and was built by the brothers, Virupanna and Veeranna, who were initially in the service of the Vijayangar kings. However, Puranic lore has it that the Veerabhadra temple was built by the sage Agastya. It has idols of Ganesha, Nandi, Veerabhadra, Shiva, Bhadrakali, Vishnu and Lakshmi.
How Lepakshi got its name?
“Le Pakshi”- “Rise bird” in Telugu – hence the name, Lepakshi. According to the Valmiki’s Ramayana, Ram accompanied by Hanuman, met the dying Jatayu here, and helped him to attain moksha by uttering the words “Le Pakshi” (“Rise bird” in Telugu). Hence the name, Lepakshi.
What is the attraction in the temple?
Points of interest in the temple include a rock chain, Vastu Purusha, the Padmini race lady, the hanging pillar, Durga Paadam, the eyes of Viroopaakshanna, and Lepakshi saree designs and you can see Lord Sita footprint in the temple premises. It is said that when Ravana was abducting Goddess Sita, and taking her to Sri Lanka, they stopped at this temple to rest for a while. That is believed to be the source of the footprint that is seen on the floor of the temple premises.
The paintings on the roof are made with natural segments. Another interesting aspect of this temple is that it is North facing. There is a 3 headed bull with a single body is carved on the pillar of the main entrance.
About temple hanging pillars.
The Floating Pillar of the Veerabhadra temple in Lepakshi, Andhra Pradesh. Called the Aakaasa Sthambha (floating pillar), it hangs suspended! One can pass a cloth between the underside of the pillar and the floor.
Among the 70 stone pillars, there is one that hangs from the ceiling. The base of the pillar barely touches the ground and is possible to pass objects such as a thin sheet of paper or a piece of cloth from one side to the other.
What should I buy in lepakshi?
If you visit this magnificent place you will buy a lot of things like Banjara embroidery, Brassart ware, Cotton and jute durries, Kalamkari paintings with their colorful depictions of the epics and landscapes, Kondapalli toys carved out of softwood, Cherial scroll paintings, and the Bidricraft with silvery contours are among the best things to shop for.
How do you get lepakshi temple?
Lepakshi is situated at a distance of 116 KMS from Bangalore. The best part about traveling to Lepakshi from Bangalore is that you can travel by roadways and railways. The most preferred way of transport from Bangalore to Lepakshi is by car.
The Ambubachi Mela is an annual Hindu mela held at Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati, Assam.
This yearly Mela is celebrated during the monsoon season that happens to fall during the Assamese month Ahaar, around the middle of June when the sun transit to the zodiac of Mithuna, when the Brahmaputra river is in spate.
It is the celebration of the yearly menstruation course of the goddess Kamakhya.
It is believed that the presiding goddess of the temple, Devi Kamakhya, the Mother Shakti, goes through her annual cycle of menstruation during this time stretch.
It is also believed that during the monsoon rains, the creative and nurturing power of the ‘menses’ of Mother Earth becomes accessible to devotees at this site during the meal.
There is no idol of the presiding deity but she is worshipped in the form of a yoni-like stone instead over which a natural spring flows.
It is also believed that in the early 16th century, the Kamakhya temple got destroyed. However, it was rebuilt by the King of Cooch Behar and was designed in a rather unique way. The temple has four prayer chambers: Garbagriha, Calantha, Pancharatna, and Natamandiramong.
The first and most important chamber leads to the sanctum of the temple which is in the form of a cave. Though the chamber does not house an idol or image of the goddess, there is a natural spring that resembles the womb of the goddess.
The temple remains closed for three days during the meal for it is believed that mother earth becomes unclean for three days like the traditional women’s menstrual seclusion.
During these three days, some restrictions are observed by the devotees like not cooking, not performing puja or reading holy books, no farming, etc.
After three days Devi Kamakhya is bathed and other rituals are performed to ensure that the Devi retrieves her purity. Then the doors of the temple are reopened and prasad is distributed. On the fourth day, the devotees are allowed to enter the temple and worship Devi Kamakhya.
In 2016, the dates of the Ambubachi festival were between 22 and 26 June. In 2017, the dates of the Ambubachi Mela were between 22 and 26 June.
The prasad is distributed in two forms – Angodak and Angabastra. Angodak literally means the fluid part of the body – water from the spring and Angabastra literally means the cloth covering the body – a piece of the red cloth used to cover the stone yoni during the days of menstruation.
Every year lakhs of pilgrims, starting from Sadhus to householders, from all over India, come to Guwahati to observe this festival.
They include Sanasins, black-clad Aghoras, the Khade-babas, the Baul, or singing minstrels of West Bengal, intellectual and folk Tantriks, Sadhus, and Sadhbis with long matted hair, etc.
Even foreigners from abroad come to seek blessings of mother Kamakhya.
Ambubachi Mela is one of the biggest congregations in eastern India. It is the most important festival of the Kamakhya temple. It is more of a ritual of austerities, a festival celebrated with Shakti rites.
Agrasen ki Baoli (also known as Ugrasen ki Baodi), designated a protected monument by the Archaeological Survey Of India (ASI). Agrasen ki Baoli, it is believed that it was originally built by the legendary king Agrasen, and the present architecture hints at it being rebuilt in the 14th century during the Tughlag period of Delhi Sultanate. The Baoli is open daily from 9 AM to 5:30 PM.
Agrasen ki Baoli History
However, many historians suggest that it was constructed during the period of the Mahabharata by none other than the legendary king of Agroha, named Maharaja Agrasen. Ugrasen ki Baoli was built to serve not only as a water reservoir but also as a community place.
This Baoli, with 108 steps, is among a few of its kind in Delhi. The visible parts of this historical step well consist of three levels. Each level is lined with arched niches on both sides.
Baoli or bawdi, also referred to as baori or bauri, is a Hindi word (from Sanskrit wapi or vapi, vapika). In Rajasthan and Gujarat the words for step well include baoli, bavadi, vav, vavdi and vavadi.
Water temples and temple step wells were built in ancient India. The earliest forms of step well and reservoir were also built in India in places like Dholavira as far back as the Indus Valley Civilisation.
What does Baoli mean?
A baoli is a reservoir in which water can be stored. It is also a source of groundwater. Numerous tanks and baolis were commissioned by the ruling clans in which water was collected mainly during the rainy season and was then used throughout the year by the people in the neighborhood.
What called Baolis?
Baolis are stepwells in which water is reached by going down a set of steps. They are common in the arid parts of western India such as Rajasthan.
How many Baoli are there in Delhi?
There are 14 Baolis which you can trace around the city of Delhi. The order of the list is according to accessibility with a vehicle.
Who invented the Stepwell?
The name Rajon ki Baoli is believed to be not after Kings (Raja) but masons. Why it was named after masons is not yet truly known, though there are many stories.
Supposedly built in 1516 by Daulat Khan and restored in the early 2000s, the stepwell is a grand structure both in terms of scale and architecture.
Which is the largest and deepest Stepwell?
Constructed in 800 AD, Chand Baori consists of 3,500 narrow steps over the 13 levels. It extends approximately 60 ft into the ground making it one of the deepest and largest step-wells in India. The largest and the most beautiful stepwell in India (even in the world).
Where does the water from the well come from?
Well water comes from sources beneath the Earth’s surface known as groundwater, which includes porous water-bearing formations as well as underground springs. Additionally, the means of bringing the water up out of the well to the surface is a part of where the well water comes from.
Which movie was filmed Agarsen ki Baoli?
Various Bollywood films such as the blockbuster film PK starring Amir Khan and Sultan starring Salman Khan. It was also featured in the 2017 Sridevi thriller Mom.
There have also been reports of the Baoli being haunted. In 2012, a photo-shoot of Formula One models also took place here.
The stepwell also appeared in the second episode of The Amazing Race Australia in 2012.
How Can I Go To Agrasen Ki Baoli?
It is easy to reach Agrasen ki Baoli as it is easily accessible from the metro. The nearest metro station to the monument is the Barakhamba Road or Rajiv Chowk metro station.