|The Kohinoor has a complex history that goes back to the 13th century. A large colorless diamond that weighed around 793 carats, Kohinoor originated in India’s Golconda mines when they were under the rule of the Kakatiya dynasty.|
Diamonds were mined from the region in and around Golconda, then cut and traded from there. The fortress city of Golconda was the market city for diamond trade and gems sold there came to be called Golcondas.
Golconda became synonymous with diamonds for Europe.
By the 1880s, the Golconda diamonds had gained so much popularity for their size, weight, and quality that they became a coveted brand of diamonds.
The word ‘Golconda’ became synonymous with the best quality diamonds. Soon, Golconda became a generic term to denote a rich mine or source of immense wealth too. The Golcondas also earned immense wealth for India.
The legacy begins before Europe knew about it.
All the ancient lores of India – Veda, Purana, the epics, other legends, and folklore – speak of diamonds, its characteristics, and stories around them. In contrast, Europe learned of diamonds and its value only in the late 1600s just over 300 years ago.
One of the earliest evidence of the importance given to diamonds and their mining in India can be gathered from the
Arthashastra, a treatise on governance, administration, law, politics, strategy, and defense. The Arthashastra was authored by one of India’s renowned statesmen of the 4th century BCE, popularly known as Kautilya and Chanakya.
Diamonds find a specific mention among this list as a precious commodity for trade, treasury, savings, and adornment in the 4th century BCE itself.
The Arthashastra was produced around 336 BCE, the same time when Alexander, the Macedonian had invaded and retreated from the North-Western parts of India. This work is at the same time so detailed as within India as well as outside.