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Explore the land of Lord Krishna’s Mathura And Vrindavan

Introduction City OF Lord Krishana

The twin cities of Mathura and Vrindavan are about 56 km from Agra. In and around this heart of Braj Bhumi are spots and symbols that may immerse your trip in spiritualism.

The twin cities personify the legend of Lord Krishna, with folklore, cultural traditions, and even day-to-day life are imbued with a divine presence. Amidst the mesmerizing temples, gardens, music, art, and dances the legend of Lord Krishna comes alive in all its color and glory– every day.

Places to Visit in Mathura

Krishana Janmabhoomi

Krishana Janmabhoomi :- This is a high-security complex, so you can’t take your mobile, camera, and other large bags. Go early to enjoy darshan, early morning darshan (around 7 am) and was perfect to avoid large crowds and enjoy the morning aarti. There is a convenient place to keep your footwear, so you needn’t leave that at your hotel.

Barsana Sri Radha Rani Temple

Barsana Sri Radha Rani Temple:- Up a small hill with great natural views along with the incomparable vibrations of God in the form of Mother Radha’s magnificent temple. Beware of the priests.

Govardhan Hill

Govardhan Hill:- It is believed in Hindu mythology that the Govardhan hill was lifted by Lord Krishna on his index finger to save his village and villagers. It is also known for its parikrama of 21 km lots of pilgrims come here for parikrama on foot and many pilgrims who can not walk on foot. there is a facility to do the parikrama by taxi and car also.

Krishna Janmsthan Complex

Krishna Janmsthan Complex:- The Sri Krishna Janmasthan is inside the Janmabhoomi complex. It is one of the most sacred places for Hindus especially Vaishnavs. The birthplace is inside a prison-like walled structure. The temple complex is well guarded. No electronic items like mobile and car keys, leather purses, belts, and food items are not allowed inside the complex.

Dwarkadish temple

Dwarkadish temple:- Lord Krishna is worshipped here as ‘King of Dwarka’  and thus the name Dwarkadish was given to the temple. The temple more than 200 years old is the largest in Mathura, India. The main attraction of the temple is the beautiful deity of Lord Krishna which is made up of black marble and the deity of Radharani, made up of white marble. The beautiful architecture and painting on the ceiling leave one spellbound!

Vishram Ghat

Vishram Ghat:- Have a boat ride starting from Vishram ghat and back to the same ghat (after visiting 26 other ghats). In the evening the view here is phenomenal because of the Aarti ceremony during the evening.

Radha Kund

Radha Kund:- this is the holy pond through which people take parikrama and worship god its pious so visit with friends

Sri Krishana Janambhommi temple complex

Sri Krishana Janambhommi temple complex:- For all Krishna Devotees across the globe, this is a shrine of prime interest. Believed to be the Birth-Place of Lord Krishna, the underground cellar where King Kans had imprisoned Krishna’s parents still remains a big draw. The huge area seems like a fort, with armed personnel guarding the premises in all directions.

Elephant conversation center & care center

Elephant conversation center & care center:- Reservation is required to visit this place but is easy to arrange on their website. We visited both the elephant and sloth bear Wildlife SOS site on the route between Delhi and Agra. The video explaining the abusive the elephants have suffered is not easy to watch. However, the elephant now shows no signs of distress. The onsite café has a good selection.

Kusum Sarovar

Kusum Sarovar:- Kusum Sarovar is located near Radha Kund. One of the major attractions here. As per the story here Radha and Krishna met secretly.

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Place to Visit Varandhvan

brothers-Krishna-and-Balram

A temple of unparalled beauty for the worship of transcendental brothers Krishna and Balram in the same village where they played more then 5000 years ago.

Kusum_Sarovar
Vrindavan
Kesi Ghat on banks of the Yamuna river
Rangaji Temple of Vrindavan
The 17th century Madan Mohan Temple was built by Raja Gopal Singhji of Karauli dynasty
Prem Mandir in Vrindavan
Krishna Balaram Mandir
Yamuna river is considered sacred in Hinduism on the banks of which Vrindavan is situated

The Street Foods Mathura And Vrindavan Offers:

Mathura Ka Peda

Mathura Ka Peda :

Mathura is considered the brand name for peda sweet. It is prepared as bhog (offering) for Lord Krishna. It is a rich caramelized reduction of milk, with a tinge of cardamom and ghee, giving a rich flavor to the sweet.

Makhan Mishri

Makhan Mishri

Lord Krishna is also fondly called ‘makhan chor’ and from here we get the term Makhan mishri. Makhan mishri (sweetened white butter) is basically white butter with mishri (sugar candy) on the top, served in a small earthen pot. It is believed that Mother Yashoda used to feed her Balgopal his favorite makhan mishri every day.

Hing Kachori And Jalebi

Hing Kachori And Jalebi

If you are in Mathura, you must start your day with kachori and jalebi. Drenched in desi ghee, these kachoris are flat and served with aloo ki sabzi (potato curry). The best part is the strong flavour of hing (asafoetida) in the kachoris. And this spicy kachori treat remains incomplete without crispy, hot jalebis, drenched in syrup.

Khaman, Dhokla And Poha

Khaman, Dhokla And Poha

Mathura has a large influence of Gujarati food in their cuisine and the reason behind the same is the Gujarati sect of Hindus, who are religious followers of Lord Krishna. Hence, one will surely find khaman dhokla and poha in this city, alongside kachori and samosa.

Bhalle Papdi And Golgappe

Bhalle Papdi And Golgappe

In Mathura, bhalle is deep fried potato patty, served with dahi and chutney. Bhalle of Mathura can be considered as a distant cousin of what we call aloo tikki. So do not forget to try golgappe and bhalle papdi of Mathura.

Milk, Rabri And Lassi

Milk, Rabri And Lassi

Kadhai wale doodh. It is basically milk, simmered all day in an iron kadhai, which turns thick when consumed, with a layer of malai on the top. Rabri is also a famous food of Mathura. It is basically condensed milk, served in an earthen pot, with Kesar, spices, and nuts added to it. Rabri and jalebi is a bond that can never be broken. And of course, when we talk about milk products, how can we miss lassi- a glassful of happiness with rich malai on it.

Ghewar

Ghewar

Ghewar is a disc-shaped sweet cake made with maida (all-purpose flour) and soaked in sugar syrup. Ghewar in Mathura turns unique because of its layers of malai and dry fruits.

Festivals in Mathura And Vrindavan

Janamashtami in Vrindavan

The birth of Lord Krishna or his ‘Janamashtami’ is celebrated with the greatest fanfare and aplomb in Vrindavan. A number of rituals are associated with his birth and are enacted through ‘Raas Lila’ at various sites. People dress up their children as little ‘Gopals’ and seek the blessings of the Lord. In almost all the temples the decoration and the festivities are planned several days in advance.

Vasant Panchami in Vrindavan

Another festival associated with the Pitamber (yellow or clothes wearing) Krishna is Vasant Panchami when everyone dresses in marigold yellow to commemorate the event. It marks the receding of the winter and the blossoming of spring.

Shivratri in Vrindavan

  • Rahi Tourist Bungalow, Civil Lines, Mathura
  • Rahi Hotel, Junction Road, Mathura
  • Tourist Complex, NH2

Shivratri, the day of the Lord Shiva and Gaura Purnima, a significant day associated with Chaitanya Mahaprabhu are observed with great devotion by several devotees besides many of the other festivals that are celebrated at Vrindavan with its unique levels of participation.

Govardhan Puja Vrindavan

Another one of these are Govardhan Puja, when he had lifted the massive Govardhan Parwat or mountain on his little finger and protected the entire clans and animals of Gokul under its protective umbrella from the rabid onslaught of the stormy weather.

Dahi Handi in Vrindavan

‘Dahi Handi’ or ‘Reaching the Yogurt Pot’ is an interesting enactment of how the wily Krishna would get at the most inaccessible of places to satiate his own and his friend’s yearning for fresh butter churned by gopis. This festival comprising the youth of a locality getting together and forming a pyramid by standing on each other’s shoulders and steadily climbing up to great heights to reach a pot of butter or dahi hung up precariously at some very high point.

Holi in Vrindavan

The festivals of Vrindavan are unique, colorful events almost always involving ‘Raas’ or singing and dancing, the throwing of colors and eating several sweetmeats. The grandest festival, however, is the Holi festival or the festival of colors that virtually provokes everybody to lose all inhibitions and immerse themselves in the multifarious presence of the Lord.

Akshaya Tritiya in Vrindavan

The festival of Akshaya Tritiya is celebrated when Banke Bihariji or the supreme deity enshrined in the Banke Bihari Temple shows his beautiful lotus feet for ‘darshan’ and it is this holy vision of the wondrous feet of Lord Krishna that has driven devotees to sing paeans in their glory. Many devotees have experienced miracles when they sighted the feet of the Lord.

Guru Poornima in Vrindavan

Guru Poornima is the day when the teachers or Gurus are paid obeisance among them the sage Ved Vyasa is the given the highest position because of his iconic work in organizing the wealth of mortal knowledge in the four great epitomes, the Vedas namely the Yajur, Sama, Atharva and the Rig Vedas. To him also goes the credit of the penmanship of the great epic Mahabharata and within it the supreme lesson of life as embodied in the Bhagwad Gita or the divine sermon of Lord Krishna to Arjun on the battle field of Kurukshetra. Sage Vyasa is also the author of the ‘Veda sootras’ that are the explanatory treatise on the Vedas.

Hariyali Teej Vrindavan

The festival of Haryali Teej is another festival peculiar to Vrindavan. This festival marks the end of the hot summer and is the point where the soft rains are welcomed. It is a time when the earth takes on a green hue after the long parched months. As the showers begin to fall regularly towards the middle of this ‘sharavan’ month it is nearer the amavasya of sharavan that the Lord’s resplendent swing is setup outside the Jagmohan of the Banke Bihari Temple. The Lord with his consort moves out to the beautifully ornate swing that defies description at the very least. There he is seen by this deliriously ecstatic devotees in hues of green garments that make him almost one with nature and on that day the Prasad comprises ‘ghevar’ and ‘pheyni’ both of which are sweetened rice and milk preparations.

Raksha Bandhan in Vrindavan

Raksha Bandhan is the festival of making and reliving annually a promise of protection and loving bonds between a brother and a sister. Draupadi or Krisna as she was named by the gods was the sakhi or sister of Lord Krishna. She developed this bond from her heart and loved the Lord as a brother.

Radha Ashtami Vrindavan

Radha Ashtami is the birthday of Lord Krishna’s playmate and heartthrob Radha. Vrindavan celebrates this day with about as much gaiety and pomp as it does the birthday of the Lord himself. Interestingly, it is also the birthday of Swami Haridas

Nandotsav

Nandotsav festival is celebrated a day after the Janamashtami. The priests of the temple give back to the devotes the vast collection of gifts, toys, utensils, commemorative coins, all kinds of sweetmeats as Prasad and a variety of clothing in the celebration of the birth of Nand Baba’s son, Krishna. There is widespread happiness and almost everybody greets each other with a smile and the happy expression of a child being born in their midst. The celebrations are wild and marked with a heady carelessness as if now that Krishna has been born all will be well with the world. This festival is a virtual marker of the life of the Lord as the cowherd or ‘Nand Gopala’.

Bhai Dooj in Vrindavan

Bhai Dooj festival is celebrated after Deepavali all over northern India. In Vrindavan it takes on a special meaning as Yamuna the sister of Yamraj or the God of Death and the daughter of Surya or the Sun God blesses all who come to her banks with protection from the travails her brother may put them through. In fact she has the power to deliver them from the hands of death virtually. This divine power is granted to her by virtual of being Lord Krishna’s fourth wife also. She is a faithful and devoted wife who followed Krishna to Dwarka also as one of his principal queens.

Akshay Navami

During the festival of Akshay Navami the Vrindavan dham yatra is taken on. The devotees travel barefoot through the streets of Vrindavan and anoint their foreheads with its mud or ‘Vraj raj’. The devotees perform the entire ‘parikrama’ or circumambulation and it is interesting to note that even the most frail ones also manage to complete the circuit from Mathura to Vrindavan and back feeling elated and recharged. They are covered from head to toe in Vraj Raj.

Bihar Panchami in Vrindavan

The Bihar Panchami Festival is another one of the festivities that is peculiar to Vrindavan. This festival commemorates the day when Swami Haridas through his Divine meditations had given his disciples a vision of the Lord and his beatific consort.

Which is better place to stay Mathura or Vrindavan?

Hotels in Mathura are more plentiful than hotels in Vrindavan, although quality is often lacking and congested Mathura is not as appealing. … If you want to experience the ancient spiritual side of Vrindavan, it’s better to stay nearer to Banke Bihari Temple, which is closer to the old town.

How can I stay free in Vrindavan?

Here is the list of 7 Ashrams in Vrindavan For Peace And Tranquility

  • Shree Bindu Sewa Sansthan Ashram. Sant Bindu Ji Marg, Parikrama Marg, Ram Nagar, Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh.
  • New Fogla Ashram. Shyama Shyam Dham, Raman Reiti, Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh.
  • Shri Govind Dham Ashram.
  • Raghunath Ashram.
  • Anand Vrindavan.

How to Reach Mathura

By Train :-

Mathura Junction railway station it is situated on the major Delhi-Mumbai train route. Both Central Railway and Western Railway routes pass through Mathura.

By Road:-


Mathura is connected by road:-  to the rest of Uttar Pradesh and India. NH-19 (NH-2 as per the old numbering system) which is having connectivity from Delhi to Kolkata and diversion for Chennai also passes from Mathura. Yamuna expressway Greater-Noida to Agra(165 km 6 lane access controlled express highway) also passes from here so there is connectivity to Noida and Agra and Lucknow.

By Air:

Currently, the city has no airport, the nearest airport is Agra (about 60 km away) and Delhi Airport (about 160 km away)

9 Things To Do In Mathura

Apart from visiting temples, there are many things to do in Mathura. Tourists from across the country and the globe are seldom exposed to various other activities provide a great experience as well as bring in peace and calm. Let us take a look at them one by one and see what are the things to do in Mathura on your next trip.

  • Kusum Sarovar – Dip In Holy Waters
  • Kans Quila – Experience Mahabharata
  • Kesi Ghat – Indulge In Photography
  • Govardhan Hill – Trekking Amidst Nature
  • Lathmar Holi – Witness The Fun
  • Shopping – Live The Experience
  • Bhuteshwar Temple – Witness Patal Devi Cave
  • Dolphin World Water Park – Adventure Filled Day
  • Vaishno Devi Dham – Enjoy Comfortable Stay

Intrestinting Facts

Mathura is mentioned in the epic Ramayan. It is on record that Mathura was one of the capitals of Kushan King Kanishka(130AD).

  • The festival known as Brahmotsava is held after Holi in the month of (February and March). Around one lakh people attend visitors. Rath ka Mela is a giant wooden chariot pulled devotees from the Rangji temple to its ground.
  • You can attend the Sandhya (Evening aarti), at ISKON. The timings are 7:00 PM in summers and 6:30 PM in winter. People here sing, dance and chant.
  • Hindu Pilgrims do Parikrama; it is about the six-kilometer walk. It was good to start it early in the morning.
  • Nidhi van- This is a place of relaxation for Krishna. The shrine was decorated with flowers every morning because according to belief the Lord visited this place with Radhaji.
  • Excellent Indian food is served behind the ISKON temple. There is a multi-cuisine restaurant with a casual dining concept.
  • Must try Lassi, the incredible drink served in addition Jal jeera is another specialty of this region.

Rating: 5 out of 5.

    WORLD FAMOUS SUN TEMPLE, OF GUJARAT.

    Introduction Great Sun temple Of Gujarat

    The Modhera Sun Temple was made by King Bhima I of the Chalukya dynasty in the early 11th century. Sun Temple Modhera’s Gujarat. Temple and its dedication to the Sun God will leave you stunned. The temple was so constructed that during every equinox, the first sun rays would fall on a diamond placed on the Sun God’s head and the entire temple would illuminate in a golden glow.

    On other days, two pillars before the garbhagriha would stay illuminated throughout the day, regardless of the position of the sun. All of these can only be left to the imagination now.

    History Of The Sun Temple

    The Sun Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the solar deity Surya located at Modhera village of Mehsana district, Gujarat. India. It is situated on the bank of the river Pushpavati. It was built after 1026-27 CE during the reign of Bhima of the Chalukyas dynasty.

    The Temple Complex Has Three Components 

    The temple complex is built in (Chaulukya style). The temple complex has three axially aligned components; the shrine proper (garbhagriha) in a hall (gudhamandapa), the outer or assembly hall (sabhamandapa or rangamandapa), and a sacred reservoir (Kunda).

    The Sabhamandapa is not in continuation with Gudhamandapa but is placed little away as a separate structure. Both are built on a paved platform.[1] Their roofs have collapsed long ago leaving behind a few lower-most courses. Both roofs are 15′ 9″ in diameter but are constructed differently. The platform or plinth is inverted lotus-shaped.
    1.)Gudhamandapa, the shrine hall:-

    The Gudhamandapa measures 51 feet 9 inches by 25 feet 8 inches. It is almost equally divided into Gudhamandapa, the hall, and Garbhgriha, the shrine proper. Both are rectangular in plan with one projection on each of the smaller sides and two projections on each of the longer sides. These projections on the smaller sides form the entrance and the back of the shrine.
    2.)Sabhamandapa, the assembly hall:-

    Sabhamandapa or Rangamandapa, the assembly hall or dancing hall is parallelogram in plan with rows of pillars opening entrance on each side diagonally. The extensively carved exterior has a series of recessed corners giving an impression of the star-like plan of it.[There are 52 intricately carved pillars. Madhusudan Dhaky has suggested that the sabhamandapa may have been later addition based on style and construction.
    3.)Kunda, the reservoir:-

    Kunda, a tank or reservoir is known as Ramakunda or Suryakunda. The flight of steps through kirti-torana leads to the reservoir. It is rectangular. It measures 176 feet from north to south and 120 feet from east to west. It is paved with stones all around. There are four terraces and recessed steps to descend to reach the bottom of the tank. The main entrance lies in the west. There are steps to reach from one terrace to another on the right angle to the terrace. These steps are rectangular or square except for the first step of each flight of steps which is semicircular. Several miniature shrines and niches in front of the terrace-wall have images of gods including many Vaishnavite deities and goddesses such as Shitala.
    However, the sabha mandap still stands on 52 pillars, depicting the 52 weeks in year carvings of the sun, along with its unity with the other 4 elements-air, water, earth, and space- can be spotted on the walls.
    The halls have intricately carved exterior and pillars.
    The reservoir has steps to reach the bottom and numerous small shrines.

    What Is The Specialty Of Sun Temple of Modhera?

    The Sun Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the solar deity Surya located at Modhera village of Mehsana district, Gujarat, India. It is situated on the bank of the river Pushpavati. It was built after 1026-27 CE during the reign of Bhima I of the Chalukyas dynasty.
    No worship is offered now and is a protected monument maintained by the Archaeological Survey Of India. At present, the temple is undertaken by the Archaeological Survey of India for renovation and restoration. In 2014, this Modhera Sun Temple was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

    Have A Look at Mr. Narendra Modi Tweet.

    Originally tweeted by Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) on August 26, 2020.

    How Many Sun Temples Are There In India?

    There are only 2 sun temples built in India. One is in Konark, Odisha, and others in Modhera, Gujarat.

    Who Destroyed Sun Temple Jammu & Kashmir?

    Martand is another Sanskrit synonym for Surya. Now in ruins, the temple is located five miles from Anantnag in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The temple was destroyed on the orders of Sultan Sikandar Butshikan, as part of his efforts to forcibly convert Kashmiri people to Islam.

    Uttarardha Mahotsav’

    The Tourism Corporation of Gujarat organizes an annual three-day dance festival known as ‘Uttarardha Mahotsav’ at the temple during the third week of January, following the festival of Uttarayan.
    The objective is to present classical dance forms in an atmosphere similar to that in which they were originally presented.

    How To Reach Modhera Gujarat?

    By Air: You can fly to the nearest city to Modhera-Ahmedabad-from where regular government bus services are available.

    By Train: For the ones boarding a train instead, the nearest railway station is at Mehsana-25 km from Modhera.

    By Road: Modhera Sun Temple can be easily reached by boarding a bus or hiring a taxi from anywhere in Gujarat. The Modhera Sun Temple indeed leaves you awestruck. It is one place, amidst all the ruins, where you’ll find a perfect blend of ageless creativity and tremendous hard work.

    Rating: 5 out of 5.
    Nitin Raj

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    Valmiki Tiger Reserve National Park Bihar

    Valmiki Tiger Reserve

    Valmiki National Park is among the most prominent tiger reserves in India. Located near the Indo-Nepal border in West Champaran district of Bihar, the tiger reserve is spread over an area of about 880 sq km.

    The Valmiki Tiger Reserve comprises of the Valmiki National Park and the Valmiki Wild Sanctuary. It is the 18th tiger reserve in the country and with 10 tigers ranks fourth in terms of tiger population.

    In 1978, the reserve had an area of 464 sq km. In 1989, the national park and wildlife sanctuary was added to the area of the reserve and in 1990 the total area of the reserve was increased to the existing 880 sq km area.

    Best months to see the Valmiki wilderness:

    October to March is the best time to visit the sanctuary. The winter months (December to mid-February) are colder and the minimum temperature goes down to 7 – 8 degrees Celsius.
    Heavy warm clothing is desired in winter.

    Floral Diversity:

    The mixed moist deciduous vegetation along the alluvial plains of the Gandak River is dominated by sal (Shorea robusta), Rohini (Mallotus phillipensis) and sihor (Strebulus asper). Terminalia tomentosa, Terminalia belerica, Adina cordifolia, Dalbergia latifolia, Mitragyna parviflora, Ehretia laevis, Angeissus latifolia are some of the important associates of Sal forests.
    The natural forests are interspersed with plantations of teak (Tectona grandis), bamboo, semal (Salmalia malabarica), shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) and khair (Acacia catechu).

    Faunal Diversity:

    Diverse habitats of the Sanctuary support a variety of faunal life forms. Tigers, Leopards and Indian Wild Dogs are the large predators. Leopard cat and fishing cat are also found in patches. Deer species are represented by spotted deer, sambar, barking deer and hog deer. Indian bison (Gaur), Nilgai and wild boar are other ungulates found in these forests. Rhesus macaque and common Langur are primates of the sanctuary. Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) has recorded fifty three mammal species in the sanctuary.

    Python, crocodile, king cobra, krait, monitor lizard, hill turtle are some common reptiles. The ZSI has recorded 10 species of amphibians, 27 species of reptiles and 75 species of insects.

    Accommodation

     Valmiki Vihar, a tourist lodge of State Tourism Development Corporation Hotel is located at the picturesque site at Valmiki Nagar.  

    There are ten (10) eco-huts of double bed occupancy located at Valmikinagar (two), Naurangia Done (two), Manguraha (2) and Gobardhana (four). Besides, one tree-hut is located at kotraha for altitude lovers.

    Forest Rest Houses (two double-bed rooms in each) are located at Kotraha, Madanpur, Naurangia Done, Gobardhana, Manguraha, and Manpur. Four double-bed rooms at Ganauli is a wooden forest rest house. This building has the potential to get heritage status.

    Tickets and Surcharges

    Booking for accommodation can be done only 60 days in advance and only for 4 days at a stretch.

    Eco hut- Gobardhana: INR 1500 (Maximum two persons allowed in a room)
    Eco hut- Kotraha: INR 1500 (Maximum two persons allowed in a room)
    Eco hut- Naurangia : INR 1500 (Maximum two persons allowed in a room)
    Eco hut- Manguraha: INR 1500 (Maximum two persons allowed in a room)
    Treehut- Gobardhana : INR 1500 (Maximum two persons allowed in a room)

    Safari Details and Charges

    Gypsy/ Jeep Safari (4 persons) for 2 hours 30 minutes – INR 600 per group
    Rafting (8 persons) for 3 hours – INR 2000 per group
    Boating (4 persons) for 3 hours – INR 500 per group
    Nature Walk (4 – 6 persons) for 3 – 4 hours – INR 100 per person
    Border Trek (10 – 15 persons) for 10 – 12 hours – INR 500 per person
    Jungle Camp (4 – 6 persons) for a night – INR 200 per person
    Tiger Trail (4 – 6 persons) for 3 – 4 hours – INR 200 per person
    Cycling – INR 20 per hour

    Places of Interest at Valmiki National Park

    The place is dotted with temples, shrines and historical monuments. Some of the prominent and must-visit attractions of Valmiki National Park include-
    1. Bheriyari Watch Tower

    This one is located in the Bheriyari Grassland region and is ideal for bird watching several exotic bird species at play and viewing the herbivores in the natural habitat.

    2. Bhikhna Thori

    Located exactly on the Indo- Nepal Border, this is the north- eastern end of the sanctuary. This is a popular route to Tibet across Nepal. History tells us that it was the common resting place called ?thaur? in the native language, for the Buddhist monks and hence it is called “Bhiktchuk thaur” or “Bhikhna thori”. King George Vth rested here on his way to Nepal and it has been a popular picnic and leisure spot ever since.

    3. Rohua Nala

    Rohua Nala is a tributary of River Gandak and is situated in the Mandalpur range. The region is a beautiful combination of wetlands, forests, swamps and cenebrakes. The region has been declared as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by the Indian Bird Conservation Network. Besides several beautiful sightings of exotic birds, the place also facilities boating activities in traditional Shikara boats. You can also spot rhinoceros in the region.

    4. Kapan

    Kapan is a major perennial river originating from the Raghia Range. Walking northwards along the river, you can witness one of the most beautiful trails of the Park with forest on the side and the trailing river in the centre. You can also spot kingfishers, green pigeons and Indian bisons here.

    5. Lalbhitiya

    Lalbhitiya is a most beautiful vantage point in the area providing an alluring bird’s eye view of pure- sal forests. The highlight of the place are the mesmerising sunrise and sunset views. On clear days, you can also see the snow white pearly peaks of the Himalayas from here. The place is a common favourite among solace seekers, nature wanderers and bird watchers.

    6. Manor Trek

    Manor Trek is a comparatively easy trek of 1.5 kms which the tourists can undertake on their own. The trail passes along the forest to the Manor watchtower which provides majestic views of the adjoining snow clad Himalayas and beautiful panoramas of the river manor below.

    7. Parewa Dah

    Parewa Dah is considered the most beautiful spot of the Valmiki Natural Forest and a trip to the park is considered incomplete without a visit to this place. Parewa means ?pigeons? and ?dah? means water- bodies and put together, Parewa Dah means a place where both these factors co-exist. The area is replete with water doves,pigeons and bee-eaters swarming the emerald blue waters. The water is so clear that you can even see the fish swimming at shallow levels.

    8. Someshwar Peak

    Perched at an elevation of 2884 meters, Someshwar Peak is the highest peak in the region which can be reached through a trek of 14 km from the base camp. Although the tiring trekking pays off at the top which offers sweeping views of the forest below in the backdrop of the mighty mountains of the Himalayan Range. The path has several stop points like the Titanic Point and Hill Top etc. On the border is located Someshwar Temple dedicated to Shiva and Kali. At the base of the temple are the ruins of the hermitage of Baba Bhatrihari.

    9. Valmiki Nagar

    Valmiki Nagar is the adjoining tiny town of Valmiki Nagar on the banks of river Gandak at the Indo – Nepal border. The Gandak Barrage has a viewpoint that offers magnificent views of the Triveni and other nearby areas. The area also offers rare sightings of gharials, dolphins, crocodiles, turtles, and other rare and endangered birds, etc. Besides the serene landscape and tranquility, you can also experience river rafting in the area.
    Valmiki National Park

    Activities at Valmiki National Park

    1. Nature Walk

    The rich wildlife and the diverse topography makes for wonderful nature walks through the forests. The volunteers are taken on a guided walking tour spanning 4 – 5 km to give them an idea of the flourishing ecosystem of the forests. These groups of 5 – 6 people are guided by professionals and children below the age of 15 years are not allowed. It is a must-experience activity when at the sanctuary to witness the plenteous flora and fauna, and to be awed at the grand and cozy forests brimming with wondrous bounteous nature.
    2. Border Trek

    Located at the brink of the India- Nepal border with the Someshwar Range as the border between the two countries, the wildlife sanctuary provides facilitates beautiful treks in the region. From the top of the hill peaks, one can take a mesmerizing bird’s eye view of the tiger reserve and the national park, in addition to the parallely located Chitwan National Park in Nepal. The trek is a day-long activity, conducted from 7:00 AM – 5:00 PM. Besides testing your fitness agility and grit, the trek takes you through a wonderland of steep slopes, settling riverine, meandering streams, and along with narrow passes in the forests. The package includes packed meals en-route. This trek is conducted in groups of 10 – 15 people led by a professional guide. Children below the age of 15 years are not allowed.
    3. Jungle Camp

    This is one of the most thrilling activities at the camp which is conducted in the anti-poaching camps or in one of the watchtowers. The package includes beds, spotlights, and night vision devices. Special care is taken not to disturb the natural habitat of the plants and animals. Midnight creeks and howls of the wild animals are sure to get up your adrenaline rush. In a group, 2 – 4 people can be accommodated and children below 15 years are not allowed.
    4. Tiger Trail

    One of the most exciting highlights of Valmiki National Park is the Tiger trail activity. The trek starts early at dawn in the supervision of the tiger trekkers where you follow the trails walked by the king of the forest- Bengal tigers. In case it is your lucky day, you might get to see a kill or the spoils of the tigers. The trek is also very informative where the participants are taught how to identify various pugmarks, scratches, and scents. The group consists of 4 – 6 participants and children below 15 years are not allowed.
    5. Watchtowers

    There are several wooden watchtowers housed in the forests from where the tourists can take a peek into the privacy of the wildlife. Besides the towers offer enchanting views of the rivers, the confluence, and the majestic Himalayan ranges. These watchtowers are also installed at Thori, Bajani, Singha Sonbarsa, Bherihari, and Bhaluthapa.

    How to Reach

    Through Railways:

     The sanctuary is situated on Gorakhpur–Muzaffarpur (via Narkatiganj) rail route. Direct trains are available from major cities of the country to reach the sanctuary. Daily/weekly trains are available from New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Siliguri, Dehradun, and Amritsar to arrive at Bagaha (to reach the western part of the sanctuary) and Narkatiaganj (to reach the central and eastern part of the sanctuary). Muzaffarpur and Gorakhpur are the nearest major junctions to get passenger/mail/express trains for Bagaha and Narkatiaganj. The Field Directorate located at the district headquarters of West Champaran at Bettiah, about 70 km from the sanctuary, is also on the same rail route.
    Road Approach:

     The sanctuary is about 275 km from Patna, the capital city of Bihar; 200 km from Muzaffarpur, major city and railhead of North Bihar; 70 km for Bettiah, district headquarters of West Champaran; and 125 km from Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, by road. Vehicles can be hired from these places to reach the sanctuary.
    Nearest Airports:  

    Patna, Kolkata, and Gorakhpur.

    Rules and Regulations

    Valmiki National Park observes a vast set of rules and regulations.
    Liquor consumption or visiting under the influence of liquor is strictly prohibited.

    Teasing or disturbing animals in their natural setting is prohibited.
    Damage to any plants or trees is not allowed.

    Smoking or carrying any inflammable material is not allowed.

    Playing any kind of music or any musical instrument during any treks or safaris is prohibited.

    Carrying and consuming food in the forests is not allowed.
    Carrying ammunition or any arms is strictly prohibited.

    Pros & Cons. –

    Pros: Clean, unexplored, well maintained Eco huts and helpful staff of the forest department.

    Cons: Connectivity and availability of any conveyance. (U have to depend on the vehicle of forest Department) Lack of trained guide. Non-availability of Jungle Safari at Naurangia Done.

    Rating: 1 out of 5.
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