Tag Archives: Mela

Kumbh Mela 2021

Introduction Of Kumbh Mela 2021.

 Kumbha Mela, in Hindu, a religious festival that is celebrated four times over the course of 12 years, the site of the observance rotating between four pilgrimage places on four sacred rivers—at Haridwar on the Ganges River, at Ujjain on the Shipra, at Nashik on the Godawari, and at Prayag (modern Prayagraj) at the confluence of the Ganges, the Jamuna, and the mythical Sarasvati.

About Kumbh Mela.

Each site’s celebration is based on a distinct set of astrological positions of the Sun, the Moon, and Jupiter, the holiest time occurring at the exact moment when these positions are fully occupied. The Kumbh Mela at Prayag, in particular, attracts millions of pilgrims. In addition, a Great Kumbh Mela festival is held every 144 years at Prayag; the 2001 festival attracted some 60 million people.

The Kumbh Mela is held in Prayagraj (at the confluence of Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati Rivers), Nasik (River Godavari), Ujjain (River Shipra) and Haridwar (River Ganga).

Why Kumbh Mela Celebrated?

A pot (Kumbh) containing Amrita was one of the creative product of the Samudra manthan legend in ancient Hindu texts.

It is believed, the nectar from the pot fell at four locations – Prayagraj, Ujjain, Haridwar, and Nasik during an epic battle between the gods and the demons. At these four places, Kumbh Mela takes place. The Hindu devotees throng these places with a belief that a dip in the waters of the sacred rivers will wash away all their sins.

What is Ardh Kumbh Mela?

The Ardh Kumbh Mela (Half Kumbh Mela) is held every 6 years in two different locations, Allahabad and Haridwar. Ardh means ‘half’ which is interpreted as the half of 12 years.

Kumbh Mela 2021

The Kumbh Mela was started in Haridwar on 14th January, while the first Shahi Snan will take place on 11th March. The last Shahi Snan will take place on 14th April, marking the end of the Haridwar Kumbh Mela.

What is the religious significance of Kumbh Mela for devotees of Hinduism?

Kumbh Mela – a dip in the waters is one of the key rituals.

The Hindu devotees believe that a visit to the auspicious Kumbh Mela and a dip in the river will cleanse them from all their sins.

What are the main attractions of Kumbh Mela?

Kumbh Mela at Haridwar.

The major attractions of the Kumbh Mela are a holy bath in the sacred river that is believed to cleanse one from all their sins; the sacred Aartis on the banks of the river accompanied by the prayers and hymns chanted by the priests, the Pravachan, Kirtan, Mahaprasad and the Naga Sadhus.

What are the main bathing dates for Kumbh 2021?

  • First Bath: Makar Sankranti (14 Jan 2021)
  • Second Bath: Mauni Amavasya (11 Feb 2021)
  • Third Bath: Vasant Panchami (16 Feb 2021)
  • Fourth Bath: Ram Navami (21 Apr 2021)
  • First Shahi Bath: Maha Shivratri (11 March 2021)
  • Second Shahi Bath: Somvati Amamvasya (12 April 2021)
  • Third Shahi Bath: Baisakhi (14 April 2021)
  • Fourth Shahi Bath: Chaitra Purnima (27 April 2021)

Which King Started Kumbh fair?

Harshavardhana king started the organization of the Kumbh fair at Allahabad. The Allahabad Kumbh Mela is a mela held every 12 years at Allahabad, India. The exact date is determined according to Hindu astrology the Mela is held when Jupiter is in Taurus and the sun and the moon are in Capricorn.

When was first Kumbh Mela held?

The 1870 fair at Allahabad is the earliest fair that is described as a “Kumbh Mela” by contemporary sources. The previous Kumbh Mela would have been scheduled in 1858; but that year, no fair was held in Allahabad because of disturbances resulting from the 1857 uprising.

Special Cuisine for Kumbh Devotees.

Anna_Dana_Kumbh_Mela_Haridwar_2021

There are a number of food stalls in Kumbh Mela that offers lip-smacking kachori with sabzi and tomato chutney. These kachoris with a delicious filling melt in your mouth and leave you with the desire to ask for more. In some of the stalls, you might also find kachoris fried in desi ghee.

About Naga Sadhu & Aghori

According to various assumptions, there are 4 to 5 million sadhus in India today. Sadhus are widely respected for their holiness.

Naga sadhu at a Kumbh procession (1998).

It is also said that, they also meditate on the corpses which is a symbolic of their rise from ‘Shava’ to ‘Shiva’

The Naga Sadhus usually wander around naked and the Aghori baba normally wears some animal skin clothing or any other cloth to cover their lower part of the body. We see most of the Naga Sadhus in Kumbh Mela or in their Akharas. But Aghori Baba does not seem to be seen anywhere. They only reside in the crematorium. Naga Sadhus take part in Kumbh Mela and then move to the Himalayas. So, Naga Sadhus live in Akharas or Himalayas and usually visit the civilization during the Mahakumbh festival in India to take part in the holy dip.

Water dip at the Kumbh festival

Nagas are usually known as warrior Sadhus and are ready to fight intellectually or wrestle anytime. But Aghori babas mainly are involved in meditation and dark arts. They are believed to perform Dark Magic. Naga Sadhus and Aghori Baba adhere to the complete Brahmacharya, staying away from the family. Even in the process of becoming a saint, they have to sacrifice their families, that is, they make their own Shraadh also.

Conclusion

The Kumbh Mela in India is as mesmerizing as it is spiritual. This ancient northern Indian festival is a meeting of mystical minds. The largest religious gathering in the world, the Kumbh Mela brings Hindu holy men together to discuss their faith and disseminate information about their religion.

Rating: 5 out of 5.

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    Famous Ambubachi Mela

    The Ambubachi Mela is an annual Hindu mela held at Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati, Assam.

    Introduction Ambubachi Mela.

    Every yearly Mela is celebrated during the monsoon season that happens to fall during the Assamese month Ahaar, around the middle of June when the sun transit to the zodiac of Mithuna, when the Brahmaputra river is in spate.

    It is the celebration of the yearly menstruation course of the goddess Kamakhya. 

    It is believed that the presiding goddess of the temple, Devi Kamakhya, the Mother Shakti, goes through her annual cycle of menstruation during this time stretch.

    It is also believed that during the monsoon rains, the creative and nurturing power of the ‘menses’ of Mother Earth becomes accessible to devotees at this site during the meal.

    There is no idol of the presiding deity but she is worshipped in the form of a yoni-like stone instead over which a natural spring flows.

    Gathering of people at Ambubashi Mela at India’s Kamakhya Temple

    It is also believed that in the early 16th century, the Kamakhya temple got destroyed. However, it was rebuilt by the King of Cooch Behar and was designed in a rather unique way. The temple has four prayer chambers: Garbagriha, Calantha, Pancharatna, and Natamandiramong.

    The first and most important chamber leads to the sanctum of the temple which is in the form of a cave. Though the chamber does not house an idol or image of the goddess, there is a natural spring that resembles the womb of the goddess.

    The temple remains closed for three days during the meal for it is believed that mother earth becomes unclean for three days like the traditional women’s menstrual seclusion.

    During these three days, some restrictions are observed by the devotees like not cooking, not performing puja or reading holy books, no farming, etc.

    After three days Devi Kamakhya is bathed and other rituals are performed to ensure that the Devi retrieves her purity. Then the doors of the temple are reopened and prasad is distributed. On the fourth day, the devotees are allowed to enter the temple and worship Devi Kamakhya.

    In 2016, the dates of the Ambubachi festival were between 22 and 26 June. In 2017, the dates of the Ambubachi Mela were between 22 and 26 June.

    The prasad is distributed in two forms – Angodak and Angabastra. Angodak literally means the fluid part of the body – water from the spring and Angabastra literally means the cloth covering the body – a piece of the red cloth used to cover the stone yoni during the days of menstruation.

    Sadhus gathered at Kamakhya Temple for the Ambubachi Mela

    Every year lakhs of pilgrims, starting from Sadhus to householders, from all over India, come to Guwahati to observe this festival.

    They include Sanasins, black-clad Aghoras, the Khade-babas, the Baul, or singing minstrels of West Bengal, intellectual and folk Tantriks, Sadhus, and Sadhbis with long matted hair, etc. 

    Even foreigners from abroad come to seek blessings of mother Kamakhya.

    Ambubachi Mela is one of the biggest congregations in eastern India.
    It is the most important festival of the Kamakhya temple.
    It is more of a ritual of austerities, a festival celebrated with Shakti rites.

    Rating: 5 out of 5.