Tag Archives: Medical

OVERVIEW THE HEALTH PREAUCTION Before YOU ARE ON TRAVELING

Introduction About Travel health

Travelers of all ages traveling can benefit from a pre-travel medical appointment, ideally four to six weeks before departure. The doctor will perform a physical exam and assess the health risks associated with travel plans.

What are the main common travel issues how can be treated?

Middle east respiratory syndrome (MERS)

It is a viral respiratory illness first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012. It is caused by a coronavirus called MERS-CoV. Most people who have been confirmed to have MERS-CoV infection developed a severe acute respiratory illness. They had a fever, cough, and shortness of breath. About half of these people died.

Jet Lag

Older adults may have more severe jet lag and take longer to recover. Travelers can minimize jet lag by shifting to the local schedule as soon as possible. Travelers may be able to avoid jet lag by adjusting sleep schedules a few days before traveling.

Traveler’s diarrhea 

Contaminated food or water or anxiety and jet lag can contribute to traveler’s diarrhea. It often strikes abruptly and causes four to five loose or watery bowel movements. In most cases, the traveler’s diarrhea will go away in a day or two without medical treatment. Most doctors don’t recommend preventive medications such as antibiotics or bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol), except in special circumstances. The best prevention is good hand hygiene and food and water safety. International travelers should drink only bottled beverages or liquids that have been boiled. 

Motion sikness

Travelers susceptible to motion sickness should consult a physician about over-the-counter or prescription medications. Some natural remedies have been shown to reduce symptoms, too. Options include acupressure wristbands, ginger tea or dietary supplements, or aromatherapy.

Altitude sickness

Is caused by dry air, a decrease in oxygen, and low barometric pressure when travelled to a higher altitude than you’re used to. As a result, you may have problems, such as headaches, dehydration, and shortness of breath. Some people are affected at 5,000 feet (1,524 meters), but others aren’t affected until they reach altitudes of 10,000 feet (3,048 meters) or more.

What to do in case of for protection against ticks and mosquitoes:

Use a repellent that contains 20% or more DEET for protection that lasts up to several hours. Always use insect repellent as directed

Communicable dease?

About Isolation and Quarantine:

Isolation and quarantine are public health practices used to stop or limit the spread of disease.

  • Isolation is used to separate ill persons who have a communicable disease from those who are healthy.
  • Quarantine is used to separate and restrict the movement of well persons who may have been exposed to a communicable disease to see if they become ill.

The quarantine can apply to humans and animals as part of border control, as well as within a country.

Ho to get medical care while traveling

Carry a list of local doctors and hospitals at the destination. Review health insurance plan to determine what medical services it would cover during the trip. Consider purchasing travel health and medical evacuation insurance.

Carry a card that identifies, in the local language, your blood type, chronic conditions or serious allergies, and the generic names of any medications take. Some prescription drugs may be illegal in other countries. Call the embassy to verify that all of your prescription(s) are legal to bring with you. Bring all the medicines (including over-the-counter medicines) you think you might need during your trip, including extra in case of travel delays. Ask your doctor to help you get prescriptions filled early if you need to.

What are the vacinations required

Immunizations largely depends upon the area you are travelling. Specific vaccinations are required for specific countries and conditions. These include:

Common vaccinations include are:

  • Tetanus
  • Diphtheria
  • Pertussis (whooping cough)
  • Varicella (chickenpox)
  • Measles
  • Mumps
  • Rubella
  • Polio

Vaccination for travelers with special needs
Some additional vaccinations are recommended for travelers who are at risk of infection or other health problems. This includes people with asthama , respiratory and cardiac conditions, metabolic conditions (such as diabetes) and anyone over 65 years of age. Vaccinations include:

  • Influenza
  • Pneumonia

Vaccination for young travelers
Young people are also routinely offered vaccination against:

  • Meningococcal C
  • Hepatitis B
  • Cervical cancer

Cholera vaccination is no longer recommended by the World Health Organization for any country. 

Vaccination for specific diseases

Hepatitis A

Information for hepatitis A includes:

  • This is the most common vaccine-preventable disease in travelers.
  • It is spread by contaminated food or water.
  • The cause is a virus.
  • Symptoms include fever, lack of energy (malaise) and jaundice (yellow skin color).
  • Hepatitis A is rarely fatal.
  • Symptomatic treatment is the only treatment available.
  • Vaccination is safe and extremely effective.

Hepatitis B

Information for hepatitis B includes:

  • This is spread by body fluid commonly through sexual intercourse or shared syringes but also by accident.
  • It is caused by virus.
  • Symptoms include fever, lack of energy (malaise) and jaundice (yellow skin color).
  • Around half of all cases worldwide result in death.
  • Vaccination is safe and extremely effective.

Typhoid

Information for typhoid includes:

  • This is common in developing countries.
  • The cause is a bacterium.
  • Symptoms include fever, weakness, headache and sometimes a rash.
  • Typhoid can be treated successfully with antibiotics.
  • Vaccinations must be completed at least one week before travelling.

Rabies

Information for rabies includes:

  • This is common to North, Central and South America, Europe, Africa and Asia.
  • The cause is a virus passed on by a bite or scratch from an infected dog or any mammal that carries the virus.
  • Symptoms include headache and fever, then convulsions and death.
  • A three-dose vaccination is given over 3–4 weeks prior to travel.
  • All animal bites and scratches should be immediately and thoroughly washed with soap and water for at least 10 minutes.
  • Treatment after a bite from a possibly rabid animal involves a course of five vaccines and, if previously unvaccinated, an injection of immunoglobulin.

Meningococcal meningitis

Information for meningococcal meningitis includes:

  • The cause is a virus spread by aerosol droplets.
  • Symptoms include headache, fever, confusion and neurological damage.
  • Treatment can only ease the symptoms.
  • Vaccination is a legal requirement for some countries.

Tuberculosis

Information for tuberculosis includes:

  • This is common in developing countries.
  • The cause is a bacterium spread by aerosol droplets.
  • Symptoms include persistent cough and fever.
  • Treatment involves a prolonged course of antibiotics.
  • Vaccination is recommended only for some travellers to high risk areas for prolonged periods and must be preceded by a special skin (Mantoux) test.

Japanese encephalitis

Information for Japanese encephalitis includes:

  • This is present throughout Asia.
  • The cause is a virus spread by infected mosquitoes.
  • Symptoms include headache, fever, confusion and neurological damage.
  • Treatment can only ease the symptoms.
  • Three doses of vaccine are required well before you travel.

Yellow Fever

  • This is present in tropical South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
  • The cause is a virus spread by infected mosquitoes.
  • Symptoms include fever, headache, bloody vomiting, jaundice and death.
  • The vaccination gives immunity for around 10 years.
  • Vaccination is a legal requirement for some countries and certification can only be given by an authorized travel health clinic.

Infectious diseases for which there are no vaccines

Infectious diseases are generally transmitted by food, water, or a lack of personal hygiene (for example, ‘gastro’, traveler’s diarrhea, giardiasis, and amoebic dysentery) or by insects (for example, malaria and dengue fever). They can be life-threatening. Your doctor will advise you on measures and medications that should be taken to help prevent these diseases. 

What is the cause of travel diarrhea?

Unclean food and water can cause travelers diarrhea and other diseases. This can reduce by drinking safe water and safe food habits. Some of do and don’ts about good food habit are:

Eat

  • Food that is cooked and served hot
  • Hard-cooked eggs
  • Fruits and vegetables should be clean and washed.
  • Pasteurized dairy products

Don’t Eat

  • Food served at room temperature
  • Food from street vendors
  • Raw or soft-cooked (runny) eggs
  • Raw or undercooked (rare) meat or fish
  • Unwashed or unpeeled raw fruits and vegetables
  • Unpasteurized dairy products

Drink

  • Bottled water that is sealed
  • Water that has been disinfected
  • Carbonated drinks
  • Hot coffee or tea
  • Pasteurized milk

Don’t Drink

  • Tap or well water
  • Ice made with tap or well water
  • Drinks made with tap or well water (such as reconstituted juice)
  • Unpasteurized milk

Take Medicine

Talk with your doctor about taking prescription or over-the-counter drugs with you on your trip in case you get sick.

How to prevent bites?

  • Cover exposed skin by wearing long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and hats.
  • Use an appropriate insect repellent
  • Use permethrin-treated clothing and gear (such as boots, pants, socks and tents). Do not use permethrin directly on skin.
  • Stay and sleep in air-conditioned or screened rooms.
  • Use a bed net if the area where you are sleeping is exposed to the outdoors.

What types of Insects repellent

For protection against ticks and mosquitoes: Use a repellent that contains 20% or more DEET for protection that lasts up to several hours. Always use insect repellent as directed.

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    rush for most expensive caterpillar fungus Keeda Jadi in the Himalayan range

    Introduction

    Rush for the most expensive caterpillar fungus (Keeda Jadi) in the Himalayan range.
    The ‘caterpillar fungus’ or keeda Jadi grows in Uttarakhand’s high-altitude border districts of Pithoragarh at an altitude of 3,500 to 5,000 meters. Known as the ‘Himalayan Viagra’.

    One kilo of top-grade keeda Jadi can sometimes fetch as much as Rs. 12 lakhs in illegal cross-border trade.

    The fungus harvesting season in Uttarakhand’s high-altitude border districts of Pithoragarh and Chamoli starts in early May and ends by the middle or end of June, with the arrival of the monsoon.

    Entire families move to the meadows, staying in tents for weeks, working long and arduous hours to collect the fungus.

    And they return with enough fungus to cover a chunk of the family’s expenses for a considerable period of time.

    “It depends on how many pieces of keeda jadi you pick. The earnings last for a few months for some families and pro.vide sustenance for some for a year.

    About Keeda Jadi

    Himalaya is the place of medical plants which cannot be found anywhere else.
    Keeda Jadi is basically a fungus that grows as a parasite on the larvae of a particular kind of caterpillar. The fungus evolves in the living larva, which kills and mummifies the larva and then develops as a stalk-like fruiting figure.

    Caterpillars take 5 years to grow underground in Alpine grass and shrublands before finally pupating (from larva) and are attacked by the fungus while feeding on roots. It finally takes the shape of 5-15 centimeter columnar mushroom out of the forehead of the caterpillar
    Before the villagers discovered the lucrative fungus, they depended on agriculture, daily wage labour or sheep-herding. But agriculture is not a viable option in this rugged landscape. “The land is not fertile; we mostly cultivate rajma and potatoes. If the harvest is good, and that is rare.

    Its collection and illegal trade have transformed remote villages of Uttarakhand, where it is found in the wild.

    sinensis, Kida Jadi, or Yarsa-gumba, Yarsha-gumba or Yarcha-gumba, यार्सागुम्बा (in Hindi language) is an entomopathogenic fungus (a fungus that grows on insects) in the family Ophiocordycipitaceae.
     
    The genus has a worldwide distribution and most of the approximately 400 species that have been described are from Asia (notably Nepal, China, Japan, Bhutan, Korea, Vietnam, and Thailand). Cordyceps species are particularly abundant and diverse in humid temperate and tropical forests

    High value and illegal trading Keeda Jadi

    Keeda Jadi in natural form
    In the global market, Keeda Jadi is worth Rs 18 lakh for a kilogram which is around 3500 and 4500 pieces of fungus.

    But in reality, the locals get only Rs 1 or 2 lakh for collecting and selling them. In India, every year families in some regions of rural Kumaon along with their children plod up in the hills of the Himalayas at the altitude of 3500 to 5000 meters to collect the Keeda Jadi. In India, it is found in Chamoli, Uttarakhand, and hilly areas of Himachal Pradesh.
    Their high value also leads to the conflict among villages and illegal trade as in India it is not legalized. This rare fungus is only found when summer sets in and snow (glacier) melts at higher altitudes of the Kumaon region and exposes mummified caterpillars. 

    People have started using uneven means to collect Keeda Jadi. Sometimes, forests are put on the fire to melt the snow. Such unnatural practices are causing damage to the environment and precious species also
    Keeda Jadi

    The Story behind the keed jadi Famous world wide.

    The demand for yarsagumba reportedly shot up in 1993 when three Chinese athletes broke five world records at the Beijing National Games after regularly consuming a tonic apparently made from the fungus.

    In 1999, China classified the fungus as an endangered species. Soon after, the fungus-picking made its way to India.

    “In the early 2000s, we saw Tibetan khampas searching for the fungus in pastures on the Indian side. They said it could rarely be found in
    Himalan Range

    Its advantages and medical usages

    1. Cancer Treatment
    2. Sexual Health Benefits
    3. Stress Reliever
    4. Strengths of Kidney and Immune System
    5. Increases Stamina
    6. Good for Muscles
    7. Increases Sperm Count
    8. Benefits of asthma and bronchitis patients.

    Government Policy For trading Keeda Jadi

    The new goverment policy, proposes registering every harvester with the van panchayats (forest councils managed by village communities) or forest range office with their Aadhaar or voter identification card.

    The person will disclose the days he/she will spend collecting keeda jadi and in which particular area of the forest range. He/ she also has to disclose the amount of keeda jadi they have collected.

    “For every 100 gram, the forest department will charge a royalty of Rs. 1,000. The buyer is then free to sell it to van panchayats or any third party. It then becomes legal to sell it,”.

      “The alpine meadows are ecologically fragile. So when the policy comes into effect, we will know how much it is harvested in the state, and what’s happening in the region.”

    Conclusion

    I would like to share that Himalayan is the place of medical plants that cannot be found anywhere else in the world.

    We have to respect it. If we destroy it, so nature has most destruction power than us , we see time to time recently like face of floods all over the world .

    So we forget our personal interest and greed, government have to come with new rules and regulation that help local people get benefited for their earnings and our government earns revenue and illegal trading will stop in future.
      Hi,

      Welcome to http://www.rajblog5.com Travel Blog!
      I am Nitin Raj,
      travel blogger, in India.
      I love to meet and friendship with new people and discover new places. I am a food lover.
      I hope my blog will inspire you to travel and explore new places in India.
      Please share your valuable comment with us.