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Popular Parsi Food & Cafe in India.

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Introduction Parsis’s Food

The Persians fled from Iran when the Arabs invaded it during the 17th century. They finally settled along the West Coast of India and bought along with them their exotic cuisine.

About Parsis’s Food

‘Parsis’ or ‘parsees’ are descendants of Zoroastrians who fled Iran during the Arab invasion in the 17th century.They love to spend hours cooking before a big ceremony and prepare dishes that are absolutely mind-blowing.

Parsis’s Community

They believe in  Zoroastrians one God, called Ahura Mazda. Parsi are followers of Zoroastrianism in India. According to Parsi tradition, a group of Iranian Zoroastrians emigrated from Persia to escape religious persecution by the Muslim majority after the Arab conquest.

Parsis are marrying outside the community. Parsi woman marrying a nonparsi is allowed to enter the fire temple and participate in religious activities. Before December 2017, a Parsi women who marries a nonParsi man was automatically considered to have converted to the religion of her husband.

Parsis are commonly seen speaking either Gujarati or English. But their native language is AvestanZoroastrianism was founded by Prophet Zoroaster in ancient Iran about 3,500 years ago. The Avesta is the primary collection of religious texts of Zoroastrianism.

They live chiefly in Mumbai and in a few towns and villages mostly to the north of Mumbai, but also at Karachi (Pakistan) and Bengaluru (Karnataka, India). The vast majority of Persians practice Shīʿite Islam. Before the Muslim conquest of Persia in the 7th century ce, most Persians followed Zoroastrianism, based on the teachings of the ancient prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra), who lived during the first half of the 1st millennium bce.

As of 2019, it has been estimated that there are 100,000 to 200,000 Zoroastrians worldwide, with around 60,000 Parsis in India and 1,400 in Pakistan.

Parsi cuisine is an eclectic mix of hot and sweet, nice and spice. It involves simple yet diverse ingredients that in theory seem a bit odd but make complete sense on a plate.

Influence On The Parsi Cusine

Over the years, their food, like their people, has imbibed Maharashtrian, Gujarati, Iranian and British influences. Let’s know everything about Parsi food that will make you want to feast on the Parsi new year that falls on 17th August 2019. This Navroze knows what’s special about the community’s food.

Popular Parsi dishes include:

  • Chicken Farcha (Fried chicken appetizer)

  • Dhansak (Lamb, mutton, goat, chicken or vegetables in a mixed lentil or toor daal gravy served with brown rice)
  • Patra ni Machhi (Fish – Pomfret or Surmai stuffed heavily with green coconut chutney and wrapped in a banana leaf – steam cooked.)

  • Sali Murghi (Spicy chicken with fine fried matchstick potatoes)
  • Saas ni Machhi (Yellow rice with pomfret fish fillets in white sauce)
  • Kolmi no Patio (Shrimp in spicy tomato curry)
  • Jardaloo Sali Boti (Boneless mutton in an onion and tomato sauce with apricots and fried matchstick potatoes)
  • Khichri (rice with toor daal or moong daal)
  • Tamota ni Ras Chaval (mutton cutlets with white rice and tomato sauce)

Also popular among Parsis, but less so elsewhere, are the typical Parsi edda (egg) dishes, which include akuri (scrambled eggs with spices) and the pora (“Parsi” omelet). Also, vegetables like okra, tomato, potato, and others are often cooked with eggs on top.

Snacks

Popular parsi snacks include bhakhra (deep fried sweet dough), batasa (tea biscuits), dar ni pori (sweetened lentils stuffed in a light pastry), doodh na puff (milk froth) and khaman na ladva (dumplings stuffed with sweetened coconut).

Lunch

The basic feature of a Parsi lunch is rice, eaten with lentils or a curry. Curry is made with coconut and ras without, with curry usually being thicker than ras. Dinner would be a meat dish, often accompanied by potatoes or another vegetable curry. Kachumbar (a sharp onion-cucumber salad) accompanies most meals.

Desserts

Common desserts include sev (vermicelli), ravo (sweet semolina pudding)

and malido (a nutty fudge). Also popular are faluda and kulfi, both of

which are adoptions from the cuisines of the Irani and Persian-speaking

communities. Wedding feasts traditionally include Lagan nu Custard.

Popular Parsi dishes include:

Chicken Farcha (Fried chicken appetizer) Dhansak (Lamb, mutton, goat, chicken or vegetables in a mixed lentil or toor daal gravy served with brown rice) Patra ni Machhi (Fish – Pomfret or Surmai stuffed heavily with green coconut chutney and wrapped in a banana leaf – steam cooked.)

Famous Parsis’s Cafe’s & Restaurant In Mumbai

  • Kyani and co ( Marine Lines)
  • Piccadilly (Colaba
  • Britannia & Co
  • Cafe Military
  • Yazdani Restaurant & Bakery
  • Jimmy Boy In Mumbai
  • Sassanian Boulangerie
  • K Rustom (South Mumbai

Famous Parsis’s Cafe’s & Restaurant In Delhi

  • Rustom’s Parsi Bhonu
  • Soda Bottle opener wala
  • Parsi Anjuman
  • Monkey Bar
  • Cafe lotta

Conclusion

 Parsi cuisine also has influenced just like its parent, or Persian, cuisine. Modern-day Parsi cuisine was especially shaped during the British rule of India.  Parsis love eggs, potatoes, and meat.

Almost all the vegetable dishes made from okra, tomatoes, or potatoes will have eggs on top.

Please share your comment on this blog and share more about Parsi’s food if I miss anything so please let me know. Your comments are valuable for me.

Rating: 5 out of 5.

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WORLD FAMOUS SUN TEMPLE, OF GUJARAT.

Introduction Great Sun temple Of Gujarat

The Modhera Sun Temple was made by King Bhima I of the Chalukya dynasty in the early 11th century. Sun Temple Modhera’s Gujarat. Temple and its dedication to the Sun God will leave you stunned. The temple was so constructed that during every equinox, the first sun rays would fall on a diamond placed on the Sun God’s head and the entire temple would illuminate in a golden glow.

On other days, two pillars before the garbhagriha would stay illuminated throughout the day, regardless of the position of the sun. All of these can only be left to the imagination now.

History Of The Sun Temple

The Sun Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the solar deity Surya located at Modhera village of Mehsana district, Gujarat. India. It is situated on the bank of the river Pushpavati. It was built after 1026-27 CE during the reign of Bhima of the Chalukyas dynasty.

The Temple Complex Has Three Components 

The temple complex is built in (Chaulukya style). The temple complex has three axially aligned components; the shrine proper (garbhagriha) in a hall (gudhamandapa), the outer or assembly hall (sabhamandapa or rangamandapa), and a sacred reservoir (Kunda).

The Sabhamandapa is not in continuation with Gudhamandapa but is placed little away as a separate structure. Both are built on a paved platform.[1] Their roofs have collapsed long ago leaving behind a few lower-most courses. Both roofs are 15′ 9″ in diameter but are constructed differently. The platform or plinth is inverted lotus-shaped.
1.)Gudhamandapa, the shrine hall:-

The Gudhamandapa measures 51 feet 9 inches by 25 feet 8 inches. It is almost equally divided into Gudhamandapa, the hall, and Garbhgriha, the shrine proper. Both are rectangular in plan with one projection on each of the smaller sides and two projections on each of the longer sides. These projections on the smaller sides form the entrance and the back of the shrine.
2.)Sabhamandapa, the assembly hall:-

Sabhamandapa or Rangamandapa, the assembly hall or dancing hall is parallelogram in plan with rows of pillars opening entrance on each side diagonally. The extensively carved exterior has a series of recessed corners giving an impression of the star-like plan of it.[There are 52 intricately carved pillars. Madhusudan Dhaky has suggested that the sabhamandapa may have been later addition based on style and construction.
3.)Kunda, the reservoir:-

Kunda, a tank or reservoir is known as Ramakunda or Suryakunda. The flight of steps through kirti-torana leads to the reservoir. It is rectangular. It measures 176 feet from north to south and 120 feet from east to west. It is paved with stones all around. There are four terraces and recessed steps to descend to reach the bottom of the tank. The main entrance lies in the west. There are steps to reach from one terrace to another on the right angle to the terrace. These steps are rectangular or square except for the first step of each flight of steps which is semicircular. Several miniature shrines and niches in front of the terrace-wall have images of gods including many Vaishnavite deities and goddesses such as Shitala.
However, the sabha mandap still stands on 52 pillars, depicting the 52 weeks in year carvings of the sun, along with its unity with the other 4 elements-air, water, earth, and space- can be spotted on the walls.
The halls have intricately carved exterior and pillars.
The reservoir has steps to reach the bottom and numerous small shrines.

What Is The Specialty Of Sun Temple of Modhera?

The Sun Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the solar deity Surya located at Modhera village of Mehsana district, Gujarat, India. It is situated on the bank of the river Pushpavati. It was built after 1026-27 CE during the reign of Bhima I of the Chalukyas dynasty.
No worship is offered now and is a protected monument maintained by the Archaeological Survey Of India. At present, the temple is undertaken by the Archaeological Survey of India for renovation and restoration. In 2014, this Modhera Sun Temple was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Have A Look at Mr. Narendra Modi Tweet.

Originally tweeted by Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) on August 26, 2020.

How Many Sun Temples Are There In India?

There are only 2 sun temples built in India. One is in Konark, Odisha, and others in Modhera, Gujarat.

Who Destroyed Sun Temple Jammu & Kashmir?

Martand is another Sanskrit synonym for Surya. Now in ruins, the temple is located five miles from Anantnag in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The temple was destroyed on the orders of Sultan Sikandar Butshikan, as part of his efforts to forcibly convert Kashmiri people to Islam.

Uttarardha Mahotsav’

The Tourism Corporation of Gujarat organizes an annual three-day dance festival known as ‘Uttarardha Mahotsav’ at the temple during the third week of January, following the festival of Uttarayan.
The objective is to present classical dance forms in an atmosphere similar to that in which they were originally presented.

How To Reach Modhera Gujarat?

By Air: You can fly to the nearest city to Modhera-Ahmedabad-from where regular government bus services are available.

By Train: For the ones boarding a train instead, the nearest railway station is at Mehsana-25 km from Modhera.

By Road: Modhera Sun Temple can be easily reached by boarding a bus or hiring a taxi from anywhere in Gujarat. The Modhera Sun Temple indeed leaves you awestruck. It is one place, amidst all the ruins, where you’ll find a perfect blend of ageless creativity and tremendous hard work.

Rating: 5 out of 5.
Nitin Raj

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