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Mehrangarh Fort Jodhpur

Introduction Mehrangarh Fort.

Explore Jodhpur discover the best time and places to visit. Jodhpur is a city in the Thar Desert. It is popularly known as the “Blue City” among the people of Rajasthan and all over India.

Mehrangarh Fort, located in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, is one of the largest forts in India.

About Mehrangarh Fort.

Its 15th-century Mehrangarh Fort is a former palace that’s now a museum, displaying weapons, paintings, and elaborate royal palanquins (sedan chairs). There are many historical buildings in Rajasthan. But the Mehrangarh Fort of Jodhpur is the most special. Situated on a 400 feet tall upright rock, this fort is one of the most magnificent and huge buildings in India. The foundation of the fort was laid by Rao Jodha in 1459. The fort’s view of Jodhpur and Pakistan is very clear.

Who owns Mehrangarh Fort?

Mehrangarh Museum Trust is India’s leading cultural institution and center of excellence, established in 1972 by the 36th Custodian of Marwar- Jodhpur, H. H. Maharaja Gaj Singhji to make the fort come alive for visitors.

Who was the king of Mehrangarh Fort?

Mehrangarh Fort owes its origin to Rao Jodha, the ruler of Mandore and the founder of the city of Jodhpur.

Why was the Mehrangarh Fort built?

When Rao Jodha decided to shift his capital to a safer and elevated location in Jodhpur, he laid the foundation of this massive fort in 1459 on a hill named Bhakurcheeria aka the Mountain of Birds.

An ambitious king Rao Jodha came across to inspect the place to build the fort, he saw a goat fighting a tiger there. Then he decided to build the fort at the same place. majestic hill in Jodhpur and decided to carve a majestic fort out of it.

What does Mehrangarh mean?

The fort was named Mehrangarhmeaning ‘fort of the sun’ – a reference to the clan’s mythical descent from the sun god Surya.

Galleries in Mehrangarh Museum

Elephant’s howdahs:- The howdahs were a kind of two-compartment wooden seat (mostly covered with gold and silver embossed sheets), which were fastened onto the elephant’s back. The front compartment, with more leg space and a raised protective metal sheet, was meant for kings or royalty, and the rear smaller one for a reliable bodyguard disguised as a fly-whisk attendant.

Palanquins:- Palanquins were a popular means of travel and circumambulation for the ladies of the nobility up to the second quarter of the 20th century. They were also used by male nobility and royals on special occasions.

Daulat Khana :- This gallery displays one of the most important and best-preserved collections of fine and applied arts of the Mughal period of Indian history, during which the Rathore rulers of Jodhpur maintained close links with the Mughal emperors. It also has the remains of Emperor Akbar.

Armory:- This gallery displays a rare collection of armor from every period in Jodhpur. On display are sword hilts in jade, silver, rhino horn, ivory, shields studded with rubies, emeralds, and pearls, and guns with gold and silver work on the barrels. The gallery also has on display the personal swords of many emperors, among them outstanding historical pieces like the Khaanda of Rao Jodha, weighing over 3 kg, the sword of Akbar the Great, and the sword of Timur.

Paintings:- This Gallery displays colors of Marwar-Jodhpur, the finest example of Marwar paintings.

The Turban Gallery:- The Turban Gallery in the Mehrangarh Museum seeks to preserve, document, and display the many different types of turbans once prevalent in Rajasthan; every community, region, and festival having had its own head-gear.

Tourist attractions in Mehrangarh

National Geological Monument :- The Jodhpur Group – Malani Igneous Suite Contact on which the Mehrangarh Fort has been built has been declared a National Geological Monument by the Geological Survey of India to encourage Geotourism in the country. This unique geological feature is part of the Malani Igenus Suite seen in the Thar desert region, spread over an area of 43,500 km2. This unique geological feature represents the last phase of igneous activity of Precambrian age in the Indian Subcontinent.

The Mataji Temple:- The chamunda Mataji was Rao Jodha’s favorite goddess, he brought her idol from the old capital of Mandore in 1460 and installed her in Mehrangarh (Maa chamunda was the kul devi of the Pratihara rulers of Mandore. She remains the Maharaja’s and the Royal Family’s Isht Devi or adopted goddess and is worshipped by most of Jodhpur’s citizens as well. Crowds throng Mehrangarh during the Dussehra celebrations.

Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park:- Rao JodhaDesert Rock Park, spreads over 72 hectares, adjoining Mehrangarh Fort. The park contains ecologically restored desert and arid land vegetation. The park was created in 2006 to try and restore the natural ecology of a large, rocky area adjoining and below the fort and opened to the public in February 2011. The area in and around the park contains distinctive volcanic rock formations such as rhyolite, with welded tuff, and breccia, sandstone formations. The park includes a Visitors Centre with Interpretation Gallery, a native plant nursery, a small shop, and a cafe. The curse found in this fort persecutes the people living around it to date.

The fort was one of the filming locations International & National film makers.

Disney’s 1994 live-action film The Jungle Book, as well as the 2012 film. The Dark Knight Rises. The Emraan Hashmi starring Awarapan was also shot here. In March 2018, the film crew for the flop Bollywood film Thugs Of Hindostan used the fort as one of its shooting locations;

*) Principal photography for the latter commenced on 6 May 2011.

The fort has musicians performing folk music.

 In 2015, the fort was used to record a collaborative album by musicians including Israeli composer Shye Ben Tzur, English composer and Radio head guitarist Jonny Greenwood, and Radio head producer Nigel Godrich. The recording was the subject of a documentary, Jannu, by the American director Paul Thomas Anderson.

Haunted story of Mehrangarh Fort

When a monk lived here before the construction of the fort. He lived near a water spring. When the king asked them to leave, while cursing, the monk said that the water for which you are removing me will dry up. Since then there was a constant water shortage in the vicinity of the fort.

Visiting Mehrangarh Fort Jodhpur is worthy

When the king apologized, the monk offered a solution. He said that in order to end the curse, a person of the state has to sacrifice his life by being buried under the fort of his own will.

How to reach Mehrangarh Fort?

By Air:- Jodhpur has a domestic airport which is around 5km away from the city. Flights to Jaipur, Delhi, Udaipur, and Mumbai can be taken from here. The nearest international airport from Jodhpur is Sanganer Airport in Jaipur and Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi.

By Train:- Jodhpur is connected to many major cities through the train. There are direct trains to Kolkata, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Mumbai, Jammu, and other places. No Rajdhani, Shatabdi Double Decker, or Garib Rath Express run from here but superfast and fast mail and express trains start, terminate, and pass through the city.

By Road:- Jodhpur is well-connected to the nearby as well as cities in other states through road transport. Tourists can catch buses for their destination from Rai ka Bagh Bus Stand which is near to the Rai ka Bagh Railway Station. Besides these, tourists can also catch buses operated by public and private bus services. Another option to come to and go from Jodhpur is a taxi which the tourists can hire from taxi operators.

Why you have to visit Mehrangarh Fort Jodpur?

Forts are one of the most mysterious architectural pieces around the world, every fort has its own story of gallantry, love, and passion. This is one of the largest and well-kept forts of India. So, if you are passionate about Indian forts then a visit to the Mehrangarh Fort is a must.

Best time to visit Mehrangarh Fort.

Mid October to Mid March is the most pleasant time to visit the Mehrangarh Fort.

Rating: 5 out of 5.
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Great Fort Of Chittorgarh

Introduction about Chittorgarh

Chittorgarh fort inside
Great Maurya ruler Chitrangada Maurya built this beautiful fort of Chittorgarh. Chittorgarh is home to the Chittor Fort, the largest fort in India and Asia. Chittor also has been a land of worship for Meera, It is also known for Panna Dai.

Chittorgarh used to be the capital of the Sisodia Dynasty of Mewar. Famous for the Jauhar that Rani Padmini and Rani Karnavati underwent during the siege, the Chittorgarh Fort has seen a lot of valiant battles. The fort is the largest one in India and attracts tourists in a large number throughout the year.
Temple inside Chittorgarh fort

History Of Chittorgarh

Chittorgarh Fort is famous for its history and being the epitome of Rajput valor and sacrifice.  Chittor fort seated on a 180-meter hill covers an expanse of 700 acres (2.8 km2). It was constructed by the Mauryans in the 7th century AD. There is also a belief that it was constructed by Bhima of the Pancha Pandavas. This fort was the citadel of many great Indian warriors such as Gora, Badal, Rana Kumbha, Maharana Pratap, Jaimal, Patta, etc.

The fort was later captured by Hammir Singh, a king of the Sisodia branch of the Guhilas. Chittor gained prominence during the period of his successors, which included Rana Kumbha and Rana Sanga. In 1535, Bhadur Shah of Gujarat besieged and conquered the fort. After he was driven away by the Mughal emperor Hamayun, the fort was given back to Sisodias by him.

In 1567–68, the Mughal emperor Akbar besieged and captured the fort and it was under Mughal control until the British Indian Empire.

Place Of Intrest

Chittorgarh Fort:- Chittorgarh Fort is famous for its history and being the epitome of Rajput valor and sacrifice.  Chittor fort seated on a 180-meter hill covers an expanse of 700 acres (2.8 km2).
Kalika Mata Temple:- Kalika Mata Temple was originally built in the 8th century for Sun God and was later converted to a temple for the Mother Goddess, Kali in the 14th century. During the festival days of Navaratri, fairs are organized and pilgrims from different places come here to pay obeisance at the temple.
Vijay Stambh:- Vijay Stambha, is a huge nine-story tower which was built by Maharana Kumbha to commemorate his victory over the rulers of Malwa and Gujarat in 1440. The tower is 122 ft (37 m) high and stands on a 10 ft (3.0 m) high base. There are sculptures and carvings on the exterior walls of the tower. The tower is visible from any section of the town below. And for reaching the tower top one has to climb 157 steps, one can take a great view of the surroundings. The inside walls of the tower are carved with images of gods, weapons, etc.
Kirti Stambh:- Kirti Stambh (Tower of Fame) is a 22-meter-high (72 ft) tower built in the 12th century AD. Kirti Stambh is built inside the Chittorgarh fort. It is dedicated to Rishabha, the first Tirthankara of Jainism. It was built by a merchant and is decorated with figures from the Jain pantheon. It is a seven-storied pillar that was built by Biherwal Mahajan Sanaya of the Digambar Jain sect. On its four corners are engraved idols of  Shri Adinathji in Digambar style which each is five feet (about 1.5 meters) high and elsewhere are engraved several small idols consecrated to Jain lineage of deities.
Rana Kumbha’s Palace:- Rana Kumbha’s Palace is near the Vijay Stambh. This is the birthplace of Maharana Udai Singh, the founder of Udaipur. His life was saved by the heroic act of the maid Panna Dhay, who replaced her son in place of the prince, with the result that her son was killed by Banbir. She carried the prince away to safety in a fruit basket. Rani Meera Bai also lived in this palace. This is the place where Rani Padmini committed Jauhar with the other ladies in one of the underground cellars.
Rani Padmini’s Palace:- According to legend, Rani Padmini’s Palace is from which the Delhi Sultanate ruler Alauddin Khalji was allowed to watch a reflection of the Rani by replacing the mirror at such an angle that even if he turned back he could not see the room. Khalji had been warned by the Rani’s husband Rawal Ratan Singh that if he turned back they would cut his neck.
Jain temple at Kirtistambha

Festivals

Maharana Pratap Jayanti:- The legendary Maharana Pratap was a true patriot who initiated the first war of independence. Special puja and processions are held in his remembrance on Maharana Pratap Jayanti day everywhere. Several cultural programs such as debate are also organized.
Meera Mahotsav:- Meera Mahotsav (1498–1547) was a devout follower of Lord Krishna. Meera Bai was one of the foremost exponents of the Prema Bhakti (Divine Love) and an inspired poet. Mira Bai was a Rajput princess who lived in the north Indian state of Rajasthan. Meera was a Rajput princess born in about 1498 in Metra, Rajasthan. Her father, Ratan Singh, was the youngest son of Rao Duda, ruler of Merta, and son of Rao Duda ruler and founder of Jodhpur. Ratan Singh belonged to the Rathore clan. She was married to Bhoj Raj, ruler of Chittor.
Meera Smrithi Sansthan (Meera Memorial Trust) along with the Chittorgarh district officials organize Meera Mahotsav every year on Sharad Purnima day (On Mirabai’s birth anniversary) for 3 days. Many famous musicians and singers get together to sing bhajans in this celebration. The 3 days celebration also features puja’s, discussions, dances, fireworks.
Teej:-Teej is one of the major festivals in Chittorgarh which is celebrated with great enthusiasm. Teej is the festival of swings. It marks the advent of the monsoon month of Shravan (August). The monsoon rains fall on the parched land and the pleasing scent of the wet soil rises into the air. Swings are hung from trees and decorated with flowers. Young girls and women dressed in green clothes sing songs in celebration of the advent of the monsoon. This festival is dedicated to the Goddess Parvati, commemorating her union with Lord Shiva. Goddess Parvati is worshipped by seekers of conjugal bliss and happiness.
Gangaur :- The Gangaur Festival is the colourful and most important local festival of Rajasthan and is observed throughout the State with great fervour and devotion by womenfolk who worship Gauri, the consort of Lord Shiva during July–August. Gan is a synonym for Shiva and Gaur which stands for Gauri or Parvati who symbolises saubhagya (marital bliss). Gauri is the embodiment of perfection and conjugal love which is why the unmarried women worship her for being blessed with good husbands, while married women do so for the welfare, health and long life of their spouses and happy married life.
Jauhar Mela :- The fort and the city of Chittorgarh host the biggest Rajput festival called the “Jauhar Mela”. It takes place annually on the anniversary of one of the jauhars, but no specific name has been given to it. It is generally believed that it commemorates Padmini’s jauhar, which is most famous. This festival is held primarily to commemorate the bravery of Rajput ancestors and all three jauhars which happened at Chittorgarh Fort. A huge number of Rajputs, which include the descendants of most of the princely families, hold a procession to celebrate the jauhar. It has also become a forum to air one’s views on the current political situation in the country.
Rani Padmini’s palace
Rang Teras – The Tribal Fair:- Rang Teras is a popular tribal fest of Mewar celebrated on the 13th moon night of the month of Chaitra. A big colorful fair and huge gathering of tribal to rejoice the harvest of wheat has been celebrating Rang Teras is customary since 15th century. It is a thanksgiving festival of farmers. Farmers pay their honor to Mother Earth for providing them food for next year.

Best time to visit

The ideal time to visit the city of Chittorgarh is during the months of October to March. Thus, if you are planning to go for an extensive tour around the city of Chittorgarh, please visit during winter to explore all the aspects of the city.

Local cuisine

Lal Maas is the iconic dish of Rajasthan. You can find this dish in almost all cities of Rajasthan. When it comes to Chittorgarh, you can experience richness in spices and it is served with millet bread. The dish is made with red meat, which is cooked into gravy until it is very soft and juicy.

How to reach Chittorgarh

How to Reach Chittorgarh Fort. Chittorgarh is 300 km from Jaipur, 200 km from Udaipur, and 312 km from Jodhpur. The most convenient way to reach Chittorgarh is to hire a taxi from Udaipur which is approximately a 2-hour drive.

Udaipur Airport also called the Maharana Pratap Airport is the nearest airport to Chittorgarh.

Rating: 3 out of 5.
Nitin Raj

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