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Heaven On Earth Kashmir

Introduction

The natural beauty and picturesque locations have made it a favored destination for tourists across the world.  Kashmir Valley is known for its lakes and gardens.

Shikara-Ride

About Kashmir

The word Kashmir was derived from the ancient Sanskrit language and was referred to as káśmīra. The Nilamata Purana describes the valley’s origin from the waters, a lake called Sati-saras. A popular local etymology of Kashmira is that it is land desiccated from water.

Geologists agree that the Valley was formerly a lake, and the lake drained through the gap of Baramulla (Varahamula) which matches with the Hindu legends.[

Kashmir became known worldwide when Cashmere wool was exported to other regions and nations (exports have ceased due to decreased abundance of the cashmere goat and increased competition from China.

Kashmiris are well adept at knitting and making Pashmina shawls, silk carpets, rugs, kurtas, and pottery. Saffron, too, is grown in Kashmir. Srinagar is known for its silver-work, papier- mache, wood-carving, and the weaving of silk.

Kashmir’s economy is centered around agriculture. Traditionally the staple crop of the valley was rice, which formed the chief food of the people.

In addition, Indian corn, wheat, barley, and oats were also grown. Given its temperate climate, it is suited for crops like asparagus, artichoke, seakale, broad beans, scarlet runners, beetroot, cauliflower, and cabbage.

Fruit trees are common in the valley, and the cultivated orchards yield pears, apples, peaches, and cherries. The chief trees are deodar, firs, and pines, chenar or plane, maple, birch and walnut, apple, cherry.

Kashmir Cuisine

Kashmiri cuisine is the cuisine of the Kashmir Valley Of India. Rice is the staple food of Kashmiris and has been so since ancient times.

Meat, along with rice, is the most popular food item in Kashmir. Kashmiris consume meat voraciously.  Despite being Brahmin, most Kashmiri Hindus are meat-eaters.

Some Famous Kashmiri Dishes

  1. “Tabakhmaaz” (Kashmiri Hindus commonly refer to this dish as Qabargah)
  2. Shab Deg: dish cooked with turnip and meat, left to simmer overnight.
  3. Dum Olav/ Dum Aloo: cooked with ginger powder, fennel and other hot spices.
  4. Aab Gosh
  5. Goshtaba minced mutton balls with spices in yogurt gravy
  6. Lyader Tschaman also called as Chaman Kaliya
  7. Runwagan Tschaman, Cottage cheese in tomato gravy
  8. Riste Meat balls in curry
  9. Nader ti Gaad, Fish cooked with lotus stem, a delicacy cooked on festival days like Eid, Novroze and Gaadi Batti ( Festival of Kashmiri Pandits )
  10. Machwangan Kormeh, meat cooked with spices and yogurt and mostly using kashmiri red chillies and hot in taste
  11. Matschgand, lamb meatballs in a gravy tempered with red chillies.
  12. Waazeh Pulaav
  13. Monje Haakh kholrabi being a delicacy
  14. Haakh (wosteh haakh, haenz haakh among others) collard greens is enjoyed by Kashmiri people and they have their own versions of cooking the same with cottage cheese, mutton or chicken.
  15. Mujh Gaad, a dish of radishes with a choice of fish.
  16. Daniwal Kormeh Lamb cooked with coriander or parsley.
  17. Rogan Josh, a lamb based dish, cooked in a gravy seasoned with liberal amounts of Kashmiri chillies (in the form of a dry powder), ginger (also powdered), garlic, onions or asafoetida, gravy is mainly Kashmiri spices and mustard oil based.
  18. Yakhni, a yoghurt-based mutton gravy without turmeric or chilli powder. The dish is primarily flavoured with bay leaves, cloves and cardamom seeds. This is a mild, subtle dish eaten with rice often accompanied with a more spicy side dish.
  19. Harissa is a popular meat preparation made for breakfast, it is slow-cooked for many hours, with spices and hand stirred.

Kaishmiri Bakery

The Kashmir Valley is noted for its bakery tradition. On the Dal Lake in Kashmir or in downtown Srinagar, bakery shops are elaborately laid out.

Bakers sell various kinds of breads with golden brown crusts topped with sesame and poppy seeds. Tsot and tsochvor are small round breads topped with poppy and sesame seeds, which are crisp and flaky, sheermalbaqerkhayn (puff pastry), lavas (unleavened bread) and kulcha are also popular. Girdas and lavas are served with butter.

Kaishmiri Wazwan

A Wazwan is a multi-course meal in the Kashmiri Muslim tradition and treated with great respect.

Its preparation is considered an art. Almost all the dishes are meat-based (lamb, chicken, mutton but never fish).

It is considered a sacrilege to serve any dishes based around pulses or lentils during this feast. The traditional number of courses for the wazwan is thirty-six, though there can be fewer. The preparation is traditionally done by a vasta waza, or head chef, with the assistance of a court of wazas, or chefs.

Kashmiri Chai, Noon Chai, or Sheer Chai

Kashmiris are heavy tea drinkers. The word “noon” in Kashmiri language means salt. The most popular drink is a pinkish colored salted tea called “noon chai.” It is made with black tea, milk, salt and bicarbonate of soda. The particular color of the tea is a result of its unique method of preparation and the addition of soda.

The Kashmiri Hindus more commonly refer to this chai as “Sheer Chai.” The Kashmir Muslims refer to it as “Noon Chai” or “Namkeen Chai” both meaning salty tea.

Noon Chai or Sheer Chai is a common breakfast tea in Kashmiri households and is taken with breads like baqerkhani brought fresh from Qandur, or bakers. Often, this tea is served in large samovars.

At marriage feasts, festivals, and religious places, it is customary to serve kahwah a green tea made with saffron, spices, and almonds or walnuts. Over 20 varieties of Kahwah are prepared in different house holds.

Some people also put milk in kahwah (half milk and half kahwah). This chai is also known as “Maugal Chai” by some Kashmiri Hindus from the smaller villages of Kashmir. Kashmiri Muslims and Kashmiri Hindus from the cities of Kashmir refer to it as kawah or Qahwah.

How many days do you need for Kashmir?

4–5 days is sufficient to visit the premier locations of Kashmir. Srinagar, Gulmarg, Sonemarg and Pahalgaam. There are number of point in each location which you have to prioritize since you won’t have too much time. Here are some snaps from our trip .

Is tourism allowed in Kashmir?

Following are some of the highlights from the guidelines for J&K tourism: In this phase, tourism is limited to those arriving by air only. … And until the test result shows a negative for COVID-19, tourists will stay in their hotel rooms and shall not be permitted to move out.

Things to do in Kashmir

1- Gulmarg: Gulmarg in Kashmir valley is famous for Gondola cable car ride, Skiing in Gulmarg, Heli skiing in Gulmarg, Snow bikes and Horse ride. Apart from activities one can visit Golf club, nigeen valley, strawberry valley and potato farm among other places to visit in Gulmarg. 

2- Pahalgam: Pahalgam is famous for Betaab valley, Aru valley, Chandanwari, Baisaran valley. One can take Horse ride to Baisaran valley also called as Mini Switzerland.White water rafting in Pahalgam is also available in summers. Trekking is also very famous among young enthusiasts.

3- Sonamarg: Home to Thajiwas glacier one can reach there only by either one hour trek or a short Horse ride to glacier. Zero point/ zojila pass connecting dras with sonamarg remains open only in summers and one needs to hire a union taxi in Sonamarg to reach Zojila pass. 

Best season to visit Kashmir

Spring season ( March 15th to May 15th) : Best time to visit Kashmir if you love flowers. Tulip garden, Badamwari, snow clad mountains, Cool breeze and charming weather are specialties of spring season. 

Summer season ( May 15th to August 31st) Best time to visit Kashmir if you love camping by river side, warm temperatures and trekking to glaciers. 

Autumn season: ( 01st September to November 15th ) : The season of fall, also know as harvest season, one can see Red apples in apple garden, enjoy the local organic produce like Walnut, almonds and much more. 

Winter season: Skiing in Gulmarg, Heli skiing in Gulmarg, Romantic trips, Cold weather, snow, snowflakes, etc. are some common features of winter in Kashmir.  

How to Reach

New Delhi to Kashmir By Train: Take a direct train from New Delhi to Jammu Tawi, which takes 12 hours. Jammu Tawi railway station is located at a distance of 297 km from Srinagar that can be travelled by cabs, buses and flights. Not recommended as there are no direct trains from New Delhi to Kashmir.

Conclusion

Kashmir is cool even in the harshest of summer and you can visit this valley between March and May to see the blooming flowers, green meadows, and Chinar trees. The snow-capped mountains fill the region with exquisite surroundings and the snow-capped trees look awesome while offering a serene feeling to everyone.

Rating: 5 out of 5.
Hi,

Welcome to http://www.rajblog5.com Travel Blog!
I am Nitin Raj,
travel blogger, in India.
I love to meet and friendship with new people and discover new places. I am a food lover.
I hope my blog will inspire you to travel and explore new places in India.
Please share your valuable comment with us.

Valley of Flowers, Heaven on Earth

Introduction

This article is about the Valley of Flowers National Park is an Indian national park, located in North  Chamoli and Pithoragarh, in the state of Uttarakhand, and is known for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers and the variety of flora.
Valley Of Flower

About The National Park

Valley of Flowers National Park is an Indian national park, located in North Chamoli and Pithoragarh, in the state of Uttarakhand and is known for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers and the variety of flora and rare animals.

The valley was declared a national park in 1982 and now it is a World Heritage Site.

Valley of Flowers, located at 12,000 feet, was accidentally discovered in 1931, by mountaineers Frank S SmytheEric Shipton, and  RL Holdsworth, while returning after an expedition to Mount Kamet.  Smythe returned later and wrote the book The Valley of Flowers in 1938.

The Himalayan valley that has long been acknowledged by renowned mountaineers, botanists, and in literature.

It has been recognized internationally for over a century and is referenced in the Hindu religion Local people have visited the valley since ancient times.

Indian yogis are known to have visited the valley for meditation. 
Famous for its exotic varieties of medicinal herbs, it is also believed that Hanuman brought Sanjivani to the ailing Lakshmana from the valley of flowers

The Valley of Flowers has many different colorful flowers, taking on various shades of colors as time progressed.

Unique about the Valley of Flowers.

The Valley of Flowers is famous for its outstanding natural beauty, endangered animals, and endemic alpine flowers.

This valley comes under the national park category of India. It is spread over an area of around 88 km². Beautiful waterfalls, landscapes, and meadow add more stars to the beauty of Valley of Flowers.
Valley of Flowers National Park

Is Valley of Flowers safe?

It is always safe while you travel in Uttarakhand as locals are humble and polite.
As Valley of Flowers trek is quite demanding, therefore tourists should be physically and mentally fit for the trek.

How do I plan a trip to Valley of Flowers?

The best idea is to reach Joshimath or Govindghat and stay at night. Morning can start tracking from Govind ghat to Ghangria (Around 18 KM) and again stay at night. One can choose horse riding and save energy for the next day ( tracking in flower valley) .

 Is the Valley of flowers worth visiting?

The Govindghat to Ghangariya and the Hemkund Sahib treks can be quite putting off to those looking for peace and quiet and cleanliness.

The name given to it the Valley of Flowers is very true as there are flowers and flowers during summertime. In winter one will find snow and only snow here.
Ghangaria Village

Places To Visit In Valley Of Flowers

Valley of Flower National Park:-

A World Heritage Site, Valley of Flowers is probably one of the most beautiful places on Earth. The spread of colorful flowers against the snow-capped mountains during spring is a must-see.

Fauna and Flora:-

The Himalayan snow leopard is the major attraction of Nanda Devi National park amidst the valley of flowers and mountain ranges. Other animals found here are the endangered Asiatic black bear, blue sheep, and brown bear.

Ghangaria Village:-

Ghangaria is arranged at the intersection of the streams Bhyundar Ganga and Pushpawati, which shapes Lakshman Ganga, which later meets the waterway Alaknanda at Govindghat. It is the last human residence in the Bhyundar valley.

This place is typically utilized by voyagers as a base camp to visit Hemkund and Valley of blooms.

Hemkund Sahib

Well, known journey site for Sikhs which is around 6 km from here, and the Valley of Flowers, a national stop known for its assortment of blossoms around 3 km from here. It is situated in the northern Himalayan reaches an elevation of 3049 meters in the Uttarakhand territory of India.
Hemkund Sahib

Best Time To Visit Valley of Flowers.

The valley opens on June 1 each year and shuts in October. The best time to visit the Valley of Flowers is between July to September when you can see the valley at this bloom with flowers. August is the best time to see the flowers bloom; however, it might get difficult to reach there due to landslides and heavy rainfall. 

How to reach valley of flowers?

The closest you can get to The Valley of Flowers by road is Govind Ghat. This requires around an 11 hour drive to Joshimath from Dehradun, then another one hour to Gobindghat. From Gobindghat it is a 13-kilometer (8.1 miles) trek along a steep, narrow, but well-defined mountain trail to base camp at Ghangaria.

Conculison Of this beautiful post

My suggestion to all my readers you have to visit this famous Valley of flower national park and explore the naturally beautiful garden made by God. Famous for its exotic varieties of medicinal herbs, it is also believed that Hanuman brought Sanjivani to the ailing Lakshmana from the valley of flowers.

Rating: 5 out of 5.
Hi,

Welcome to http://www.rajblog5.com Travel Blog!
I am Nitin Raj,
travel blogger, in India.
I love to meet and friendship with new people and discover new places. I am a food lover.
I hope my blog will inspire you to travel and explore new places in India.
Please share your valuable comment with us.

WORLD FAMOUS SUN TEMPLE, OF GUJARAT.

Introduction Great Sun temple Of Gujarat

The Modhera Sun Temple was made by King Bhima I of the Chalukya dynasty in the early 11th century. Sun Temple Modhera’s Gujarat. Temple and its dedication to the Sun God will leave you stunned. The temple was so constructed that during every equinox, the first sun rays would fall on a diamond placed on the Sun God’s head and the entire temple would illuminate in a golden glow.

On other days, two pillars before the garbhagriha would stay illuminated throughout the day, regardless of the position of the sun. All of these can only be left to the imagination now.

History Of The Sun Temple

The Sun Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the solar deity Surya located at Modhera village of Mehsana district, Gujarat. India. It is situated on the bank of the river Pushpavati. It was built after 1026-27 CE during the reign of Bhima of the Chalukyas dynasty.

The Temple Complex Has Three Components 

The temple complex is built in (Chaulukya style). The temple complex has three axially aligned components; the shrine proper (garbhagriha) in a hall (gudhamandapa), the outer or assembly hall (sabhamandapa or rangamandapa), and a sacred reservoir (Kunda).

The Sabhamandapa is not in continuation with Gudhamandapa but is placed little away as a separate structure. Both are built on a paved platform.[1] Their roofs have collapsed long ago leaving behind a few lower-most courses. Both roofs are 15′ 9″ in diameter but are constructed differently. The platform or plinth is inverted lotus-shaped.
1.)Gudhamandapa, the shrine hall:-

The Gudhamandapa measures 51 feet 9 inches by 25 feet 8 inches. It is almost equally divided into Gudhamandapa, the hall, and Garbhgriha, the shrine proper. Both are rectangular in plan with one projection on each of the smaller sides and two projections on each of the longer sides. These projections on the smaller sides form the entrance and the back of the shrine.
2.)Sabhamandapa, the assembly hall:-

Sabhamandapa or Rangamandapa, the assembly hall or dancing hall is parallelogram in plan with rows of pillars opening entrance on each side diagonally. The extensively carved exterior has a series of recessed corners giving an impression of the star-like plan of it.[There are 52 intricately carved pillars. Madhusudan Dhaky has suggested that the sabhamandapa may have been later addition based on style and construction.
3.)Kunda, the reservoir:-

Kunda, a tank or reservoir is known as Ramakunda or Suryakunda. The flight of steps through kirti-torana leads to the reservoir. It is rectangular. It measures 176 feet from north to south and 120 feet from east to west. It is paved with stones all around. There are four terraces and recessed steps to descend to reach the bottom of the tank. The main entrance lies in the west. There are steps to reach from one terrace to another on the right angle to the terrace. These steps are rectangular or square except for the first step of each flight of steps which is semicircular. Several miniature shrines and niches in front of the terrace-wall have images of gods including many Vaishnavite deities and goddesses such as Shitala.
However, the sabha mandap still stands on 52 pillars, depicting the 52 weeks in year carvings of the sun, along with its unity with the other 4 elements-air, water, earth, and space- can be spotted on the walls.
The halls have intricately carved exterior and pillars.
The reservoir has steps to reach the bottom and numerous small shrines.

What Is The Specialty Of Sun Temple of Modhera?

The Sun Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the solar deity Surya located at Modhera village of Mehsana district, Gujarat, India. It is situated on the bank of the river Pushpavati. It was built after 1026-27 CE during the reign of Bhima I of the Chalukyas dynasty.
No worship is offered now and is a protected monument maintained by the Archaeological Survey Of India. At present, the temple is undertaken by the Archaeological Survey of India for renovation and restoration. In 2014, this Modhera Sun Temple was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Have A Look at Mr. Narendra Modi Tweet.

Originally tweeted by Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) on August 26, 2020.

How Many Sun Temples Are There In India?

There are only 2 sun temples built in India. One is in Konark, Odisha, and others in Modhera, Gujarat.

Who Destroyed Sun Temple Jammu & Kashmir?

Martand is another Sanskrit synonym for Surya. Now in ruins, the temple is located five miles from Anantnag in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The temple was destroyed on the orders of Sultan Sikandar Butshikan, as part of his efforts to forcibly convert Kashmiri people to Islam.

Uttarardha Mahotsav’

The Tourism Corporation of Gujarat organizes an annual three-day dance festival known as ‘Uttarardha Mahotsav’ at the temple during the third week of January, following the festival of Uttarayan.
The objective is to present classical dance forms in an atmosphere similar to that in which they were originally presented.

How To Reach Modhera Gujarat?

By Air: You can fly to the nearest city to Modhera-Ahmedabad-from where regular government bus services are available.

By Train: For the ones boarding a train instead, the nearest railway station is at Mehsana-25 km from Modhera.

By Road: Modhera Sun Temple can be easily reached by boarding a bus or hiring a taxi from anywhere in Gujarat. The Modhera Sun Temple indeed leaves you awestruck. It is one place, amidst all the ruins, where you’ll find a perfect blend of ageless creativity and tremendous hard work.

Rating: 5 out of 5.
Nitin Raj

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Jatayu Sculpture A Myth Comes Alive

When you see this picture you all were curious about this green forest all around and bird sculpture on the mountain. A lot of questions come into your mind.
So friends the picture you see that is in the post that is from India. This great park developed by Karnataka Tourism.
With the opening of the Jatayu sculpture at Chadayamangalam in March 2018, India will be home to the world’s largest bird sculpture.
Jatayu Sculpture A Myth Comes Alive
I know a lot of Indians don’t know about Chadayamangalam village in Kollam district, Kerala but we all know about Ramaya and everybody knows about Jatyu. How important role play by Jatayu. He is fighting with Ravan to try to save Sita but somehow Ravan injured him and the giant eagle of the Ramayana fell on the rocky peak. Thereafter, the place came to be known as ‘Jatayumangalam’. Over the years, it became Chadayamangalam and the peak became Jatayupara (Jatayu rock).
Now, friend, I would like to share this amazing ECO diversity park name that is called Jatayu Earth Center. The sculpture, along with the adventure center and a Siddha healing center, all of 65 acres, form the Jatayu Earth’s Centre
Mr. Rajiv Anchal Sculptor Of this beautiful of art
What is Jatayu Earth’s Centre?

Jatayu Earth’s Centre is a ₹100 crore eco-tourism project designed on a BOT (build-operate-transfer) model between the Government of Kerala and Guruchandrika Builders and Property, a company owned by Rajiv Anchal.
The company has leased the Government-owned land for 30 years. Although the project took flight in 2008, construction began only by 2011. The Jatayu sculpture, a building with a 15,000 sq ft floor area, is made of roller-compacted concrete (RCC), except for the talons which are stainless steel.
Mr. Rajiv Anchal Sculptor/filmmaker who made this beautiful sculptor.
He presented for this sculpture to the Department of Tourism during his Fine Arts College days in the 1980s.
Later, when a proposal for an eco-tourism project came up, he was approached to work on it.
As per Mr. Rajiv Jatayu died protecting a woman’s honor and that is what the sculpture stands for.
Imagination and creativity take flight on this bleak mountain and a giant bird is beginning to spread its wings. Lying flat on its back with wings spread across 150ft, while stretching 200ft from tail feathers to head, and talons rising 70ft into the air, the Jatayu sculpture — built on top of the 1,000ft-high Jatayupara — towers above the green expanses of Chadayamangalam.
For Anchal, it’s not just another tourism project. There was a time when man and wildlife lived in harmony, and Jatayu is a symbol of that time. “The aim is to protect the rock and preserve Nature around it. Nothing dominates the rock — as all the construction, including the sculpture — is designed and textured to seem like a part of the landscape,” he says.

Most of the area was barren when the project kicked off. Trees were planted well ahead, and today, the fallen Jatayu lies in a green haven, something straight out of Treta Yuga!
Jatayu Sculpture
The sculpture and the cable car ride will be opened to the public. Visitors can scale the wings of the Jatayu to reach the chest and click a selfie with the bird.
The entry fee will be ₹250. after the completion of the museum, the theatre, and a Siddha healing center.
 
Reaching the zenith: Apart from the 500-meter cable ride, there is a 1.5-km granite stone walkway built by 70-year-old stonemason Balan Pillai, who chiseled 60,000 stones by himself. A heli-taxi service will be launched in the future.
Brave the rocks: From climbing up an 82feet rock-face and rappelling down a 45feet cliff, to crossing a tricky Burma bridge and trekking up a mountain, the Jatayu Adventure Centre offers all this and more.

Built onto a side of the peak, it offers a variety of activities designed around the natural rock formations. For a group of 10, the cost is ₹3,500 and includes lunch, water, juice, and snacks.

Rating: 1 out of 5.