Great Maurya ruler Chitrangada Maurya built this beautiful fort of Chittorgarh. Chittorgarh is home to the Chittor Fort, the largest fort in India and Asia. Chittor also has been a land of worship for Meera, It is also known for Panna Dai.
Chittorgarh used to be the capital of the Sisodia Dynasty of Mewar. Famous for the Jauhar that Rani Padmini and Rani Karnavati underwent during the siege, the Chittorgarh Fort has seen a lot of valiant battles. The fort is the largest one in India and attracts tourists in a large number throughout the year.
History Of Chittorgarh
Chittorgarh Fort is famous for its history and being the epitome of Rajput valor and sacrifice. Chittor fort seated on a 180-meter hill covers an expanse of 700 acres (2.8 km2). It was constructed by the Mauryans in the 7th century AD. There is also a belief that it was constructed by Bhima of the Pancha Pandavas. This fort was the citadel of many great Indian warriors such as Gora, Badal, Rana Kumbha, Maharana Pratap, Jaimal, Patta, etc.
The fort was later captured by Hammir Singh, a king of the Sisodia branch of the Guhilas. Chittor gained prominence during the period of his successors, which included Rana Kumbha and Rana Sanga. In 1535, Bhadur Shah of Gujarat besieged and conquered the fort. After he was driven away by the Mughal emperor Hamayun, the fort was given back to Sisodias by him.
In 1567–68, the Mughal emperor Akbar besieged and captured the fort and it was under Mughal control until the British Indian Empire.
Place Of Intrest
Chittorgarh Fort:- Chittorgarh Fort is famous for its history and being the epitome of Rajput valor and sacrifice. Chittor fort seated on a 180-meter hill covers an expanse of 700 acres (2.8 km2).
Kalika Mata Temple:- Kalika Mata Temple was originally built in the 8th century for Sun God and was later converted to a temple for the Mother Goddess, Kali in the 14th century. During the festival days of Navaratri, fairs are organized and pilgrims from different places come here to pay obeisance at the temple.
Vijay Stambh:- Vijay Stambha, is a huge nine-story tower which was built by Maharana Kumbha to commemorate his victory over the rulers of Malwa and Gujarat in 1440. The tower is 122 ft (37 m) high and stands on a 10 ft (3.0 m) high base. There are sculptures and carvings on the exterior walls of the tower. The tower is visible from any section of the town below. And for reaching the tower top one has to climb 157 steps, one can take a great view of the surroundings. The inside walls of the tower are carved with images of gods, weapons, etc.
Kirti Stambh:- Kirti Stambh (Tower of Fame) is a 22-meter-high (72 ft) tower built in the 12th century AD. Kirti Stambh is built inside the Chittorgarh fort. It is dedicated to Rishabha, the first Tirthankara of Jainism. It was built by a merchant and is decorated with figures from the Jain pantheon. It is a seven-storied pillar that was built by Biherwal Mahajan Sanaya of the Digambar Jain sect. On its four corners are engraved idols of Shri Adinathji in Digambar style which each is five feet (about 1.5 meters) high and elsewhere are engraved several small idols consecrated to Jain lineage of deities.
Rana Kumbha’s Palace:- Rana Kumbha’s Palace is near the Vijay Stambh. This is the birthplace of Maharana Udai Singh, the founder of Udaipur. His life was saved by the heroic act of the maid Panna Dhay, who replaced her son in place of the prince, with the result that her son was killed by Banbir. She carried the prince away to safety in a fruit basket. Rani Meera Bai also lived in this palace. This is the place where Rani Padmini committed Jauhar with the other ladies in one of the underground cellars.
Rani Padmini’s Palace:- According to legend, Rani Padmini’s Palace is from which the Delhi Sultanate ruler Alauddin Khalji was allowed to watch a reflection of the Rani by replacing the mirror at such an angle that even if he turned back he could not see the room. Khalji had been warned by the Rani’s husband Rawal Ratan Singh that if he turned back they would cut his neck.
Maharana Pratap Jayanti:- The legendary Maharana Pratap was a true patriot who initiated the first war of independence. Special puja and processions are held in his remembrance on Maharana Pratap Jayanti day everywhere. Several cultural programs such as debate are also organized.
Meera Mahotsav:- Meera Mahotsav (1498–1547) was a devout follower of Lord Krishna. Meera Bai was one of the foremost exponents of the Prema Bhakti (Divine Love) and an inspired poet. Mira Bai was a Rajput princess who lived in the north Indian state of Rajasthan. Meera was a Rajput princess born in about 1498 in Metra, Rajasthan. Her father, Ratan Singh, was the youngest son of Rao Duda, ruler of Merta, and son of Rao Duda ruler and founder of Jodhpur. Ratan Singh belonged to the Rathore clan. She was married to Bhoj Raj, ruler of Chittor. Meera Smrithi Sansthan (Meera Memorial Trust) along with the Chittorgarh district officials organize Meera Mahotsav every year on Sharad Purnima day (On Mirabai’s birth anniversary) for 3 days. Many famous musicians and singers get together to sing bhajans in this celebration. The 3 days celebration also features puja’s, discussions, dances, fireworks.
Teej:-Teej is one of the major festivals in Chittorgarh which is celebrated with great enthusiasm. Teej is the festival of swings. It marks the advent of the monsoon month of Shravan (August). The monsoon rains fall on the parched land and the pleasing scent of the wet soil rises into the air. Swings are hung from trees and decorated with flowers. Young girls and women dressed in green clothes sing songs in celebration of the advent of the monsoon. This festival is dedicated to the Goddess Parvati, commemorating her union with Lord Shiva. Goddess Parvati is worshipped by seekers of conjugal bliss and happiness.
Gangaur :- The Gangaur Festival is the colourful and most important local festival of Rajasthan and is observed throughout the State with great fervour and devotion by womenfolk who worship Gauri, the consort of Lord Shiva during July–August. Gan is a synonym for Shiva and Gaur which stands for Gauri or Parvati who symbolises saubhagya (marital bliss). Gauri is the embodiment of perfection and conjugal love which is why the unmarried women worship her for being blessed with good husbands, while married women do so for the welfare, health and long life of their spouses and happy married life.
Jauhar Mela :- The fort and the city of Chittorgarh host the biggest Rajput festival called the “Jauhar Mela”. It takes place annually on the anniversary of one of the jauhars, but no specific name has been given to it. It is generally believed that it commemorates Padmini’s jauhar, which is most famous. This festival is held primarily to commemorate the bravery of Rajput ancestors and all three jauhars which happened at Chittorgarh Fort. A huge number of Rajputs, which include the descendants of most of the princely families, hold a procession to celebrate the jauhar. It has also become a forum to air one’s views on the current political situation in the country.
Rang Teras – The Tribal Fair:- Rang Teras is a popular tribal fest of Mewar celebrated on the 13th moon night of the month of Chaitra. A big colorful fair and huge gathering of tribal to rejoice the harvest of wheat has been celebrating Rang Teras is customary since 15th century. It is a thanksgiving festival of farmers. Farmers pay their honor to Mother Earth for providing them food for next year.
Best time to visit
The ideal time to visit the city of Chittorgarh is during the months of October to March. Thus, if you are planning to go for an extensive tour around the city of Chittorgarh, please visit during winter to explore all the aspects of the city.
Lal Maas is the iconic dish of Rajasthan. You can find this dish in almost all cities of Rajasthan. When it comes to Chittorgarh, you can experience richness in spices and it is served with millet bread. The dish is made with red meat, which is cooked into gravy until it is very soft and juicy.
How to reach Chittorgarh
How to Reach Chittorgarh Fort. Chittorgarh is 300 km from Jaipur, 200 km from Udaipur, and 312 km from Jodhpur. The most convenient way to reach Chittorgarh is to hire a taxi from Udaipur which is approximately a 2-hour drive.
Udaipur Airport also called the Maharana Pratap Airport is the nearest airport to Chittorgarh.
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