Introduction about Goa
Today I will share with you a very interesting and happening place in India, that is Goa. Ruled by Portuguese in the past, this region is famous for the fusion of European and Indian culture and beauty.
Goa is one of the most important tourist spots in the country because of its beauty and culture.
Goa is one of those wonderful places in the world where everyone wants to travel. With beautiful beaches, adventurous activities, waterfalls, and finger-licking good food, Goa has it all!
About GoaGoa was a former state of the Portuguese Empire. The Portuguese overseas territory of Portuguese India existed for about 450 years until it was annexed by India in 1961. Its majority and the official language are Konkani. Goa is a state on the southwestern coast of India within the region known as the Konkan, and geographically separated from the Deccan highlands by the Western Ghats. Panaji is the state’s capital, while Vasco da Gama is its largest city. The historic city of Margao still exhibits the cultural influence of the Portuguese, who first landed in the early 16th century as merchants and conquered it soon thereafter.
Goa state is divided into two district North Goa & South GoaThe state is divided into two districts: North Goa and South Goa. Each district is administered by a district collector, appointed by the Indian government.
North GoaPanaji is the headquarters of North Goa district and is also the capital of Goa. North Goa is further divided into three subdivisions – Panaji, Mapusa, and Bicholim; and five talukas (subdistricts) – Tiswadi/Ilhas de Goa (Panaji), Bardez (Mapusa), Pernem, Bicholim, and Sattari (Valpoi).
Margao is the headquarters of South Goa district.
South Goa is further divided into five subdivisions – Ponda, Mormugao-Vasco, Margao, Quepem, and Dharbandora; and seven talukas – Ponda, Mormugao, Salcete (Margao), Quepem, and Canacona (Chaudi), Sanguem, and Dharbandora. (Ponda taluka was shifted from North Goa to South Goa in January 2015).
Goa’s major cities include Panaji, Margao, Vasco, Mapusa, Ponda, Bicholim, and Valpoi.
Flora and fauna
Goa is also known for its coconut cultivation. The coconut tree has been reclassified by the government as a palm (like grass), enabling farmers and real estate developers to clear land with fewer restrictions.
Rice is the main food crop, and pulses (legume), Ragi (Finger Millet), and other food crops are also grown. Main cash crops are coconut, cashew nut, areca nut, sugarcane, and fruits like pineapple, mango, and banana
Foxes, wild boar, and migratory birds are found in the jungles of Goa. The avifauna (bird species) includes kingfisher, myna, nd parrot. Numerous types of fish are also caught off the coast of Goa and in its rivers. Crab, lobster, shrimp, jellyfish, oysters, and catfish are the basis of the marine fishery. Goa also has a high snake population.
Goa has many National Parks
Very few people know that Goa has many famous “National Parks”, including the renowned Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary on the island of Chorão. Other wildlife sanctuaries include the Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary, Molem Wildlife Sanctuary, Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary, Madei Wildlife anctuary, Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary, and Mahaveer Wildlife Sanctuary.
Places to visit in Goa in 3 days
North GoaBaga Beach, Fort Aguada, Reis Magos Fort, Anjuna Beach, Deltin Royale Basilica of Bom Jesus, Se Cathedral, Mahalakshmi Temple, Houses of Goa Museum, Mapusa Market.
South GoaColva Beach, Cabo de Rama Fort, Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary, Dudhsagar Waterfalls
Population of GoaA native of Goa is called a Goan. Goa has a population of 1.459 million residents as of 2011, better source needed making it India’s fourth-smallest (after Sikkim, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh).
Why do foreigners visit Goa?Another reason for the foreign tourists visiting Goa is because it is very reasonable here compared to other states, thus we see thousands of tourists having a good time of their life in Goa. Foreigners relate Goa to the exotic place of Hawaii, although, the currency there is high compared to India.
Where do most foreigners stay in Goa?Anjuna is the most popular place for backpackers. This is near the flea market and you can walk to the beach. It’s a good location so backpackers stay here a lot.
Language Of GoaThe Goa, Daman, and Diu Official Language Act, 1987 makes Konkani in the Devanagari script the sole official language of Goa, but provides that Marathi may also be used “for all or any of the official purposes”. Portuguese was the sole official language during Portuguese colonial rule. The government also has a policy of replying in Marathi to correspondence received in Marathi.
Whether all around the yearGoa features a tropical monsoon climate. Goa, being in the tropical zone and near the Arabian Sea, has a hot and humid climate for most of the year. The month of May is usually the hottest, seeing daytime temperatures of over 35 °C (95 °F) coupled with high humidity. The state’s three seasons are the Southwest monsoon period (June –September), post-monsoon period (October – January), and fair weather period (February – May). Over 90% of the average annual rainfall (120 inches) is received during the monsoon season.
Tourism in GoaIn 2010, there were more than 2 million tourists reported to have visited Goa, about 1.2 million of whom were from abroad. As of 2013, Goa was a destination of choice for Indian and foreign tourists, particularly Britons and Russians, with limited means who wanted to party. The state was hopeful that changes could be made which would attract a more upscale demographic. Goa stands 6th in the Top 10 Nightlife cities in the world in National Geographic Travel. Notable nightclubs in Goa include Chronicle, Mambos, and Sinq. One of the biggest tourist attractions in Goa is water sports. Beaches like Baga and Calangute offer jet-skiing, parasailing, banana boat rides, water scooter rides, and more. Patnem beach in Palolem stood third in CNN Travel’s Top 20 Beaches in Asia. Over 450 years of Portuguese rule and the influence of the Portuguese culture presents to visitors to Goa a cultural environment that is not found elsewhere in India. The state of Goa is famous for its excellent beaches, churches, and temples. The Bom Jesus Cathedral, Fort Aguada, and a new wax museum on Indian history, culture, and heritage in Old Goa are other tourism destinations.
Museums and science centerGoa has three important museums: the Goa State Museum, the Naval Aviation Museum, and the National Institute of Oceanography. The aviation museum is one of three in India (the others are in Delhi and Bengaluru). The Goa Science Centre is in Miramar, Panaji. The National Institute of Oceanography, India (NIO) is in Dona Paula. Museum of Goa is a privately owned contemporary art gallery in Pilerne Industrial Estate, near Calangute.
Dance and musicTraditional Goan art forms are Dekhnni, Fugdi, Corridinho, Mando, Dulpod,and Fado. Goan Catholics are fond of social gatherings and Tiatr (Teatro). As part of its Portuguese history, music is an integral part of Goan homes. It is often said that “Goans are born with music and sport”. Western musical instruments like the piano, guitars and violins are widely used in most religious and social functions of the Catholics. Goa is also known as the origin of Goa trance.
Goa CusineRice with fish curry (xit koddi in Konkani) is the staple diet in Goa. Goan cuisine is famous for its rich variety of fish dishes cooked with elaborate recipes. Coconut and coconut oil are widely used in Goan cooking along with chili peppers, spices, and vinegar is used in Catholic cuisine, giving the food a unique flavor.
Famous Local alcoholic beverage
The Best Ways to Enjoy Goa Nightlife
In a hurry? Here’s my top neighborhood for first-timers: Quick Tips – Where to Stay in Goa
- Explore Old Goa, the state’s former capital that was once considered the ‘Rome of the East’
- Take a short ferry ride to Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary and spot several species of local birds
- Dive deep into Goan history at the extensive and quirky Goa State Museum
How to reach Goa
How to reach Goa by Rail:- railways, it is quite easy to reach Goa as the major railway stations in Goa are located in Margao. The main railway station is known as Madgaon and Vasco-da-Gama. These railway stations are well linked with Mumbai and then other major parts of the country as well.
It’s no secret that Goa is a favorite beach destination in India. It has a laid-back lifestyle, hippie vibe, glorious scenic beaches, natural anquillity, beach sports, and awesome parties. It’s a great destination year-round, but visiting Goa during summer is quite a special experience.
Coronavirus (COVID-19) Update The destination may have travel restrictions in place. We request you to keep track of the latest government-mandated restrictions and plan your travel accordingly. 1) Check International Travel Guidelines for the country you are traveling to for a safe travel experience. 2) Check the latest Domestic Travel Guidelines issued by the Indian State Governments. 3) Recommended: Get a COVID-19 test before you travel.