MAWLYNNONG is the cleanest village of Meghalaya India.

Today if I asked for anybody in India. Which is the cleanest village in India and Asia? Most of the people do not know the answer to this question, it is ok, but most of the Indian people never think of this type of cleanliness they found in the village of India.

All we educated people to know everything about hygiene and cleanliness but we forget that important lesson in normal life. That we live in a beautiful country and it is our responsibility for the cleanliness of our nearby surroundings, but we thought the government will take care of this because we pay taxes that kind of selfishness, hypocrisy & ego we most of the Indian have.

That is why small countries like Taiwan, Hongkong, Singapore, Malaysia, Canada, Dubai do better than us, and when we will travel to such small countries than we feel how dirty our countries and governments can’t do anything. This kind of mindset we develop in our selves even though we learn about hygiene & cleanliness lessons from our childhood.
Welcome To ‘The Cleanest Village In India’ The East Khasi Hills, Hills of Meghalaya also referred to as ‘God’s own garden’ has won the acclaim of being the cleanest village in Asia in 2003.

Meghalaya is one of the seven small states of India’s remote northeast region and home to the “Cleanest Village in India.” The mountain road climbs to Mawlynnong, at an altitude of 5,000 feet, giving way to Bangladesh farther south.
About this village in 2014, there are about 95 households in Mawlynnong approx 700-800 mix of Man, Women, Children, and old people and the literacy rate is 90%.

The people residing in the community are Khasi people. The population is mostly Christian and the village has three churches.

Their main occupation is agriculture. Betel nut being the main crop of this village or region. During summers, one can find pineapples and lychees which are then exported to the nearby regions as well.
Today Mawlynnong is known for its cleanliness worldwide. The main question comes in my mind if this village person not very filthy rich so how can they do this kind of job cleanliness or the government support them.

But my friends these people not very well educated but they have the determination to work for their village to clean that kind of motive and passion change the economics of this village.

Every day in the morning the wastes are collected in the dustbins made of bamboo, directed to a pit, and then used as manure.

A community initiative mandates that all residents should participate in cleaning up the village.

Smoking and the use of polythene are banned while rainwater harvesting is encouraged.

The travel magazine Discover India declared the village as the cleanest in Asia in 2003, and the cleanest in India in 2005.

This reputation has boosted local tourism; in 2017 according to the village headsman, incomes had increased by 60 percent due to increased tourism.
They have a very beautiful ritual as is the tradition of the Khasi people, in Mawlynnong property and wealth are passed from the mother to the youngest of her daughters, who also keeps the mother’s surname.

Mawlynnong proves that women empowerment and 100 percent literacy rate, both are achievable. Extending warm hospitality to their guests also happens to be one of the most well-known qualities of the natives of Mawlynnong.
The Living Root Bridges in Mawlynnong have been declared a UNESCO World Heriassive
The Living Root Bridges in Mawlynnong have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Hanging on a river, the bridges are made by connecting the aerial roots of one massive rubber tree with another.
The best part about the food you eat in Mawlynnong is that all of it is prepared using organically grown vegetables. Even the meat comes from in-house bred birds and animals.
There is a wide variety to vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes to savor; pick from pork tossed in bell peppers and greens, freshly-cut and smoked banana-flower, Jadoh – meat and rice-based delight), and Tungrymbai – a sumptuous mesh of fermented soybeans, bamboo leaves, and local spices.
In Mawlynnong, you’ll find some nice homestays that allow you to stay close to nature and have a lovely time with the locals. Some homestays are traditionally-built huts, while a few are built from concrete.

In Mawlynnong accommodation is simple, and comes with basic facilities. Recommended Mawlynnong guesthouses/homestays: Ila Jong Homestay, Bangladesh View Homestay, Hala Tyngkong, Epiphany Society Guest House, & Sahpyngngad Homestay.The average cost per night: INR 2000.
After attaining the title of the Cleanest Village in Asia, Mawlynnong became a popular tourist attraction. Well-connected to major cities like Shillong and Cherrapunji, Mawlynnong can be easily reached by road. Here are different ways to reach the village:

By road: Roads towards Mawlynnong are majorly in good condition. You can easily find buses plying between the village and nearby areas like Cherrapunji and Shillong.
By air: Nearest airport from Mawlynnong located in Shillong, at a distance of 78 km. There are direct flights from Kolkata to Shillong. However, if you’re coming from other cities like Delhi, you’ll have to go for a connecting flight. On reaching the airport, you can hire a taxi or board a bus to reach Mawlynnong
By rail: Guwahati is the nearest major railway station from Mawlynnong, 172 km away. Opt for a bus ride or taxi from the station in order to reach the village.
The best months to visit Meghalaya is between October and June. Early summer and winter are quite pleasant.
But due to heavy rainfall during monsoons, a lot of tourists avoid visiting from July till September.

Rating: 1 out of 5.

The Fascinating Story Of The Kohinoor Diamond.

The Kohinoor has a complex history that goes back to the 13th century. A large colorless diamond that weighed around 793 carats, Kohinoor originated in India’s Golconda mines when they were under the rule of the Kakatiya dynasty.
 
Diamonds were mined from the region in and around Golconda, then cut and traded from there. The fortress city of Golconda was the market city for diamond trade and gems sold there came to be called Golcondas.

Golconda became synonymous with diamonds for Europe. 
By the 1880s, the Golconda diamonds had gained so much popularity for their size, weight, and quality that they became a coveted brand of diamonds.

The word ‘Golconda’ became synonymous with the best quality diamonds. Soon, Golconda became a generic term to denote a rich mine or source of immense wealth too. The Golcondas also earned immense wealth for India.

The legacy begins before Europe knew about it.

All the ancient lores of India – Veda, Purana, the epics, other legends, and folklore – speak of diamonds, its characteristics, and stories around them. In contrast, Europe learned of diamonds and its value only in the late 1600s just over 300 years ago. 

One of the earliest evidence of the importance given to diamonds and their mining in India can be gathered from the 
Arthashastra, a treatise on governance, administration, law, politics, strategy, and defense. The Arthashastra was authored by one of India’s renowned statesmen of the 4th century BCE, popularly known as Kautilya and Chanakya.

Diamonds find a specific mention among this list as a precious commodity for trade, treasury, savings, and adornment in the 4th century BCE itself. 

The Arthashastra was produced around 336 BCE, the same time when Alexander, the Macedonian had invaded and retreated from the North-Western parts of India. This work is at the same time so detailed as within India as well as outside. 
Golconda Fort
This diamond in her long history has traveled all over the world and been possessed by many rulers. She is known to have traveled back and forth within India and between India, Persia, Afghanistan – changing hands from one ruler to another.

Some of the well-known kings to have held her include, the Kakatiyas,
Allaudin Khilji
Raja Vikramaditya of Gwalior
the early Mughals, Babur and Humayun
the Shah of Iran, Shah Tehmasp 
the Nizam Shah and Qutub Shah dynasties of Ahmednagar and Golconda
the later Mughals from Shah Jahan onwards up to Muhammad Shah Rangila, 
Nadir Shah of Persia, who gave her the Persian name Kohinoor meaning “Mountain of Light” 
the Afghan General Ahmad Shah Abdali (Durrani) and from thereon to his successors up to Shah Shuja 
the Sher-e-Punjab, Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and from thereon to his successors up to Maharaja Duleep Singh.
However, in all this journey, Kohinoor was never bought or sold but changed hands only due to inheritance or as a token of gift or due to extortion, looting, trickery, and treachery. 
In fact, it was only after reaching Persia, that she acquired the name Kohinoor
The diamond, which originally weighed 186 carats was cut down to 108 carats by the Queen and set in her crown. Since then, the Kohinoor continues to stay in the possession of the British Royalty locked away in the Tower of London. 

Even though Kohinoor has been with the British crown, she is still referred to as the ‘Star of India.’ Living up to her name, this ‘mountain of light’ illuminates a glorious history of the diamond trade in India.  The trail might have ended, yet the story of the Kohinoor diamond remains intriguing.   
An illustration of the Koh-i-Noor diamond (center), as it was worn before being signed over to the British. (Wikimedia Commons)
This made the Golconda diamonds, the purest diamonds of the world. Due to this purity, unlike Type 1 diamonds, they allowed ultraviolet rays and visible light to pass through them and this gave them a clear, transparent nature.

They were so clear and transparent that they looked like ice cubes. They gave an effect of water running through the gem. 

They were large in size too. They were weighed in units of rati where one rati was 7/8th of a carat. One of the stones from this region, the Great Mogul, is recorded to have weighed the equivalent of 787 carats. 
Golconda River
The Supreme Court dismissed a plea seeking direction to the Union government for bringing back Kohinoor diamond.

It had also said Kohinoor was gifted as “compensation” in the 19th century by Maharaja Ranjit Singh to the British for the help rendered by them in the Anglo-Sikh war.

Earlier the government told the apex court that 105.6-carat diamond was neither stolen not forcibly taken away by the British.

Rating: 5 out of 5.

 

Ambubachi Mela

The Ambubachi Mela is an annual Hindu mela held at Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati, Assam. 

This yearly Mela is celebrated during the monsoon season that happens to fall during the Assamese month Ahaar, around the middle of June when the sun transit to the zodiac of Mithuna, when the Brahmaputra river is in spate.

It is the celebration of the yearly menstruation course of the goddess Kamakhya. 

It is believed that the presiding goddess of the temple, Devi Kamakhya, the Mother Shakti, goes through her annual cycle of menstruation during this time stretch.

It is also believed that during the monsoon rains, the creative and nurturing power of the ‘menses’ of Mother Earth becomes accessible to devotees at this site during the meal.

There is no idol of the presiding deity but she is worshipped in the form of a yoni-like stone instead over which a natural spring flows.
Gathering of people at Ambubashi Mela at India’s Kamakhya Temple
It is also believed that in the early 16th century, the Kamakhya temple got destroyed. However, it was rebuilt by the King of Cooch Behar and was designed in a rather unique way. The temple has four prayer chambers: Garbagriha, Calantha, Pancharatna, and Natamandiramong.

The first and most important chamber leads to the sanctum of the temple which is in the form of a cave. Though the chamber does not house an idol or image of the goddess, there is a natural spring that resembles the womb of the goddess.
The temple remains closed for three days during the meal for it is believed that mother earth becomes unclean for three days like the traditional women’s menstrual seclusion.

During these three days, some restrictions are observed by the devotees like not cooking, not performing puja or reading holy books, no farming, etc.

After three days Devi Kamakhya is bathed and other rituals are performed to ensure that the Devi retrieves her purity. Then the doors of the temple are reopened and prasad is distributed. On the fourth day, the devotees are allowed to enter the temple and worship Devi Kamakhya.

In 2016, the dates of the Ambubachi festival were between 22 and 26 June. In 2017, the dates of the Ambubachi Mela were between 22 and 26 June.
The prasad is distributed in two forms – Angodak and Angabastra. Angodak literally means the fluid part of the body – water from the spring and Angabastra literally means the cloth covering the body – a piece of the red cloth used to cover the stone yoni during the days of menstruation.
Sadhus gathered at Kamakhya Temple for the Ambubachi Mela
Every year lakhs of pilgrims, starting from Sadhus to householders, from all over India, come to Guwahati to observe this festival.

They include Sanasins, black-clad Aghoras, the Khade-babas, the Baul, or singing minstrels of West Bengal, intellectual and folk Tantriks, Sadhus, and Sadhbis with long matted hair, etc. 

Even foreigners from abroad come to seek blessings of mother Kamakhya.
Ambubachi Mela is one of the biggest congregations in eastern India.
It is the most important festival of the Kamakhya temple.
It is more of a ritual of austerities, a festival celebrated with Shakti rites.

Rating: 1 out of 5.

The ‘World’ First’ 24-carat Gold-Coated Hotel

Rating: 1 out of 5.
Today I share with you the post on the first luxury 24-carat gold coated hotel. I hope you like this post. Please share your comments.
Dolce by Wyndham Hanoi Golden Lake is a new luxurious contemporary classic 6-star hotel in Hanoi, Vietnam.

As the very first Dolce hotel in Asia. The hotel will be managed by the US-based Wyndham Hotel Group. 
Dolce by Wyndham Hanoi Golden Lake /Lobby
The aim of the hotel management is to transform every moment with their guests into extraordinary opportunities to inspire them.

People traveling to Vietnam’s capital city Hanoi, will get to enjoy the luxury of the 6-star Hanoi Golden Lake hotel.
This beautiful luxury hotel 25-stories high and located in the downtown Ba Dinh district of Hanoi, on the bank of the Giang Vo Lake.

Built by the Hoa Binh group, the Golden Lake boasts 24-carat gilded furniture, a rooftop infinity pool, and with a price tag of $6,500 per square meter, the complex is now one of the capital’s prime locations. Nguyen Huu Duong,
Dolce by Wyndham Hanoi Golden Lake / Pool
General director of the Hoa Binh Group, claims that the Golden Lake would become the world’s first gold-plated hotel.

Rating: 1 out of 5.
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Car Festival or Chariot Festival, Jagannath Puri

Rath Yatra festival in Puri, Orissa, India
Ratha Yatra (also called as Car Festival or Chariot Festival) is a Hindu festival associated with Lord Jagannath held at Puri in the state of  Odisha, India.

It is the oldest Ratha Yatra taking place in India and the World, whose descriptions can be found in Brahma Purana, Padma Purana, and Skanda Purana and Kapila Samhita.

Ratha Jatra, the Festival of Chariot: Chariots of Shri Jagannath is celebrated every year at Puri, the temple town in Odisha, on the second (Dwitiya) day of Shukla pakhya (waxing cycle of the moon) of Ashadha Maasa (3rd month in Lunar Calendar).
Pahandi of Lord Jagannath during Rathajatra 2017.
There are 6 events that are considered as the key activities of this annual spectacular event.
 
1. ‘Snana Yatra’ is the one where the Deities take bath and then fell sick for almost 2 weeks. They are thus treated with ayurvedic medicines and a set of traditional practices.

2. On ‘Sri Gundicha’, the Deities are taken in the onward car festival from the main shrine to the Gundicha Temple.

3. On the Bahuda Yatra, the return car festival, the Lords are brought back to the main Temple.

4. Suna Besha (Golden Attire) is the event when the Deities wear golden ornaments and give darshan from the chariots to the devotees.

5. ‘Adhara Pana’ is an important event during Ratha Yatra. On this day sweet drink is offered to the invisible spirits and souls, who would have visited the celestial event of the Lords, as believed by the Hindu tradition.
 6. And finally, the Deities are taken back inside the main shrine i.e. the Jagannath Temple and installed on the Ratna Simhasan, on the last day of the Ratha Yatra activity which is called as ‘Niladri Bije’.
The “Bada Danda” or the Grand Avenue
Intresting facts About Three Chariots

The three chariots of Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhdra are newly constructed every year with wood of specified trees like phassi, dhausa, etc.
They are customarily brought from the ex-princely state of Dasapalla by a specialist team of carpenters who have hereditary rights and privileges for the same. The logs are traditionally set afloat as rafts in the river Mahanadi. These are collected near Puri and then transported by road.
The three chariots are decorated as per the unique scheme prescribed and followed for centuries stand on the Bada Danda, the Grand Avenue.
 
The chariots are lined across the wide avenue in front of the temple close to its eastern entrance, which is also known as the Sinhadwara or the Lion’s Gate.
Around each of the chariots are nine Parsva devatas, painted wooden images representing different deities on the chariots’ sides. Each chariot has a charioteer (Sarathi) and four horses.
 
During the annual event, devotees from all over the world throng to Puri with an earnest desire to help to pull the Lords’ chariots. They consider this an auspicious act.
The huge processions accompanying the chariots play devotional songs with drums, sounding plates of bell metal, cymbals, etc.

The Ratha carts themselves are approximately 45 feet (14 m) high and are pulled by the thousands of pilgrims who turn up for the event; the chariots are built anew each year only from a particular type of tree (Neem).
 
It is also broadcast live on many Indian, foreign television channels, as well as many of the websites, telecast Jagannath Ratha Jatra live. 
The chariots under construction

 

Rating: 4 out of 5.

The world’s most expensive coffees MADE from CAT POOp.

Kopi luwak is the most expensive coffee in the world—and it’s made from feces. Gross! The coffee, sometimes known as “civet cat coffee” or “cat poop coffee,” is made from coffee beans that have been digested and pooped out by small, furry animals called palm civets.
Civet Cat POOP
Kopi luwak is the world’s most expensive coffee. The main factor of it’s the high price is the uncommon method of producing such a coffee. It has been produced from the coffee beans which have been digested by a certain Indonesian cat-like animal called then palm civet or also civet cat.
Civet Cat Eating Coffee Beans
In the West, kopi luwak has become known as “cat poop coffee.” With prices ranging between $35 and $100 a cup, or about $100 to $600 a pound, kopi luwak is widely considered to be the most expensive coffee in the world.
Civet Cat POOP
India, Asia’s third-largest producer and exporter of coffee, has started producing the world’s most expensive coffeemade from the poop of civet cat, on a small scale in Coorg district of Karnataka. It is produced from the coffee beans digested by the civet cat. The feces of this cat are collected, processed, and sold.
Coffee from Civet Poop

Rating: 1 out of 5.

Story Of World Famous Biryani.

After lockdown yesterday I got the chance to eat a delicious biryani.
So I thought about why I don’t have to research on biryani and share a post with you because everyone likes the story of world-famous biryani.

In India a lot of cuisines and every cuisine there is a story behind it. If you love biryani so I hope you love this post also.

Do you know my friend that Biryani (pronounced ( Bir.ja: ni:) is a mixed rice dish with its origins among the Muslims of the Indian Subcontinent. It can be compared to mixing a curry, later combining it with semi-cooked rice separately. This dish is especially popular throughout the Indian subcontinent.

Do you know alternative names of Biriyani, Biriani, Briyani, Breyani, Briani, Biryani.
This dish comes under the main course and the region where biryani like the most Indian subcontinent, Western Asia, Central Asia, and main ingredients Rice, Indian spices, Meat, Dahi.

Ingredients generally used Nuts, Dried fruits, Potatoes, Variations Many.
There is a very interesting three-theory behind the origin of biryani.
There is a very interesting three-theory behind the origin of biryani.

The first theory of Biryani
According to historian Lizzie Collingham, the modern biryani developed in the royal kitchens of the Mughal Empire (1526–1857) and is a mix of the native spicy rice dishes of India and the Persian pilaf. 
Indian restaurateur Kris Dhillon believes that the dish originated in Persia, and was brought to India by the Mughals.

Second Theory Of Biryani
The second theory claims that the dish was prepared in India before the first Mughal emperor Babur conquered India. The 16th-century Mughal text (Ain-i-Akbari): it states that the word “biryani” is of older usage in India.

Third Theory Of Biryani

A similar theory, that biryani came to India with Timur’s invasion, appears to be incorrect, because there is no record of biryani having existed in his native land during that period.
Indian Cuisine Biryani on 2017 stamp of India
As we all know the biryani is a meal in itself. Served usually with raita, or gravy by the side, like a salon that tastes great with the meal. Pickled onions and cut cucumbers as well are served along with the biryani meal.

Most often, in many households, biryani is a special weekend meal made on Sunday afternoons for lunch.

One interesting fact that most people don’t know that the postal department of India. India Post has released a mega stamp issue on Indian cuisine on 3rd November 2017.

The issue consists 24 stamps(5 Rs each),5 Sheetlets (120 Rs each) ,4 miniature sheets (30 Rs each) and 4FFDCs.Sheetlets and miniature sheets are 4 in number
1.Popular cuisine

2.Festival cuisine
3.Regional cuisine
4.Bhog Prasad cuisine
Biryani accompaniments: Mirchi ka Salan Ka Salan and Dahi chutney.

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Various type of Biryani verities worldwide

Kacchi biryani
For kacchi biryani, raw marinated meat is layered with raw rice before being cooked together. It is also known as kacchi yeqni.

Tehari
Tehari, tehri or tehari are various names for the vegetarian version of biryani. It was developed for the Hindu bookkeepers of the Muslim Nawabs.

Beef biryani
Beef biryani, as the name implies, uses beef as the meat. In Hyderabad, it is famous as Kalyani biryani, in which buffalo or cow meat is used. This meal was started after the Kalyani Nawabs of Bidar came to Hyderabad sometime in the 18th century.
In the Indian subcontinent

There are many types of biryani, whose names are often based on their region of origin. For example, Sindhi biryani developed in the Sindh region of what is now Pakistan, and Hyderabadi biryani developed in the city of Hyderabad in South India. Some have taken the name of the shop that sells it, for example Haji Biryani, Haji Nanna Biriyani in old. Dhaka ,Fakhruddin Biriyani in Dhaka, Students biryani in Karachi, Lucky biryani in Bandra, Mumbai and Baghdadi biryani in Colaba, Mumbai. Biryanis are often specific to the respective Muslim communities where they originate, as they are usually the defining dishes of those communities

Kolkata biryani
The Calcutta biryani is much lighter on spices. The marinade uses primarily nutmeg, cinnamon, mace along with cloves and cardamom in the Idaho based marinade for the meat which is cooked separately from rice.
Hyderabadi biryani
Hyderabadi Biryani is one of India’s most famous biryanis; some say biryani is synonymous with Hyderabad. The crown dish of the Hyderabadi Biryani, Hyderabadi biryani developed under the rule of Asaf Jah, who was first appointed as the governor of Deccan by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.

Dhakaiya Haji Biriyani
The city of Dhaka in Bangladesh is known for selling Chevon Biryani, a dish made with highly seasoned rice and goat meat. The recipe includes: highly seasoned rice, goat meat, mustard oil, garlic, onion, black pepper, saffron, clove, cardamom, cinnamon, salt, lemon, doi peanuts, cream, raisins and a small amount of cheese (either from cows or buffalo). Haji Biryani is a favorite among Bangladeshis living abroad.

Delhi biryani
The Delhi version of the biryani developed a unique local flavor as the Mughal kings shifted their political capital to the North Indian city of Delhi. Until the 1950s, most people cooked biryani in their home and rarely ate at eateries outside of their homes.

Sindhi biryani
The exotic and aromatic Sindhi biryani is known in Pakistan for its spicy taste, fragrant rice and delicate meat. 

Thalassery biryani
Thalassery biryani is the variation of biryani found in the Indian state of Kerela. It is one of the many dishes of the Malabar Muslim community, and very popular. The ingredients are chicken, spices and the specialty is the choice of rice called Khyma. Khyma rice is generally mixed with ghee. Although a large number of spices such as mace, cashew nuts, sultana, raisins, fennel, cumin seeds, tomato, onion, ginger, garlic, shallot, cloves, and cinnamon are used, there is only a small amount of chili (or chili powder) used in its preparation.

Ambur/Vaniyambadi biryani
Ambur/Vaniyambadi biryani is a type of biryani cooked in the neighboring towns of  Ambur and Vaniyambadi in the Vellore district of the northeastern part of Tamil Nadu which has a high Muslim population. It was introduced by the Nawabs of Arcot who once ruled the area.

The Ambur/Vaniyambadi
biryani is accompanied by ‘dhalcha,’ a sour brinjal curry and pachadi’ or raitha, which is sliced onions mixed with plain curd, tomato, chilies, and salt. It has a distinctive aroma and is considered light on the stomach. The usage of spice is moderate and curd is used as a gravy base. It also has a higher ratio of meat to rice.

Chettinad biryani
Chettinad biryani is famous in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is made of jeeraka samba rice, and smells of spices and ghee. It is best taken with nenju elumbu kuzhambu, a spicy and tangy goat meat gravy. The podi kozhi is usually topped with fried onions and curry leaves.

Bhatkali/Navayathi biryani

This is an integral part of the Navayath cuisine and a specialty of Bhatkal, a coastal town in Karnataka. Its origins are traced to the Persian traders who left behind not only biryani but a variation of kababs and Indian bread. In Bhatkali biryani the meat is cooked in an onion and green chili-based masala and layered with fragrant rice.

Memoni/Kutchi biryani
Memoni biryani is an extremely spicy variety developed by the Memons of Gujarat Sindhi region in India and Pakistan. It is made with lamb, Dahi, fried onions, and potatoes, and fewer tomatoes compared to Sindhi biryani.

Dindigul biryani
The Dindigul town of Tamil Nadu is noted for its biryani, which uses a little curd and lemon juice for a tangy taste.

Bohri biryani
The Bohri biryani, prepared by the Bohrisis flavored with many tomatoes. It is popular in Karachi.

Kalyani biryani
Kalyani biryani is a typical biryani from the former state of Hyderabad Deccan.

Degh Ki biryani
Degh ki biryani is a typical biryani made from small cubes of beef or mutton.

Sri Lankan biryan
Biryani was brought into Sri Lanka by the South Indian Muslims who were trading in the Northern part of Sri Lanka and in Colombo in the early 1900s. In Sri Lanka, it is Buryani, a colloquial word generated from Buhari Biryani.

Rawther biryani
This type of biryani is popular in the Palakkad and Coimbatore regions. This was most commonly prepared byRawther families in Kerala and Tamil Nadu. This type of biryani is cooked in a different style. Goat meat is most commonly used and it is entirely different from malabar biryani.
Outside the Indian subcontinent

Burma
Western Asia
Afghan biryani
Indonesia
Malaysia and Singapore
Mauritius
Philippines
South Africa
Thailand

Rating: 1 out of 5.

Rating: 2 out of 5.

 

Jatayu Sculpture A Myth Comes Alive

When you see this picture you all were curious about this green forest all around and bird sculpture on the mountain. A lot of questions come into your mind.
So friends the picture you see that is in the post that is from India. This great park developed by Karnataka Tourism.
With the opening of the Jatayu sculpture at Chadayamangalam in March 2018, India will be home to the world’s largest bird sculpture.
Jatayu Sculpture A Myth Comes Alive
I know a lot of Indians don’t know about Chadayamangalam village in Kollam district, Kerala but we all know about Ramaya and everybody knows about Jatyu. How important role play by Jatayu. He is fighting with Ravan to try to save Sita but somehow Ravan injured him and the giant eagle of the Ramayana fell on the rocky peak. Thereafter, the place came to be known as ‘Jatayumangalam’. Over the years, it became Chadayamangalam and the peak became Jatayupara (Jatayu rock).
Now, friend, I would like to share this amazing ECO diversity park name that is called Jatayu Earth Center. The sculpture, along with the adventure center and a Siddha healing center, all of 65 acres, form the Jatayu Earth’s Centre
Mr. Rajiv Anchal Sculptor Of this beautiful of art
What is Jatayu Earth’s Centre?

Jatayu Earth’s Centre is a ₹100 crore eco-tourism project designed on a BOT (build-operate-transfer) model between the Government of Kerala and Guruchandrika Builders and Property, a company owned by Rajiv Anchal.
The company has leased the Government-owned land for 30 years. Although the project took flight in 2008, construction began only by 2011. The Jatayu sculpture, a building with a 15,000 sq ft floor area, is made of roller-compacted concrete (RCC), except for the talons which are stainless steel.
Mr. Rajiv Anchal Sculptor/filmmaker who made this beautiful sculptor.
He presented for this sculpture to the Department of Tourism during his Fine Arts College days in the 1980s.
Later, when a proposal for an eco-tourism project came up, he was approached to work on it.
As per Mr. Rajiv Jatayu died protecting a woman’s honor and that is what the sculpture stands for.
Imagination and creativity take flight on this bleak mountain and a giant bird is beginning to spread its wings. Lying flat on its back with wings spread across 150ft, while stretching 200ft from tail feathers to head, and talons rising 70ft into the air, the Jatayu sculpture — built on top of the 1,000ft-high Jatayupara — towers above the green expanses of Chadayamangalam.
For Anchal, it’s not just another tourism project. There was a time when man and wildlife lived in harmony, and Jatayu is a symbol of that time. “The aim is to protect the rock and preserve Nature around it. Nothing dominates the rock — as all the construction, including the sculpture — is designed and textured to seem like a part of the landscape,” he says.

Most of the area was barren when the project kicked off. Trees were planted well ahead, and today, the fallen Jatayu lies in a green haven, something straight out of Treta Yuga!
Jatayu Sculpture
The sculpture and the cable car ride will be opened to the public. Visitors can scale the wings of the Jatayu to reach the chest and click a selfie with the bird.
The entry fee will be ₹250. after the completion of the museum, the theatre, and a Siddha healing center.
 
Reaching the zenith: Apart from the 500-meter cable ride, there is a 1.5-km granite stone walkway built by 70-year-old stonemason Balan Pillai, who chiseled 60,000 stones by himself. A heli-taxi service will be launched in the future.
Brave the rocks: From climbing up an 82feet rock-face and rappelling down a 45feet cliff, to crossing a tricky Burma bridge and trekking up a mountain, the Jatayu Adventure Centre offers all this and more.

Built onto a side of the peak, it offers a variety of activities designed around the natural rock formations. For a group of 10, the cost is ₹3,500 and includes lunch, water, juice, and snacks.

Rating: 1 out of 5.

Do you know About Paratha?

Introduction Of Paratha

While eating my breakfast last week, my wife prepares a very tasty paratha with alloo ki sabzi and Rita. So I thought we eat Pratha’s most fabulous dish most of the time but we don’t know anything about it.

Paratha is an amalgamation of the words parat and atta, which literally means layers of cooked dough.

History Of Parathas

A paratha is a flatbread native to the Indian subcontinent, prevalent throughout the modern-day nations of India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Maldives, and Myanmar, where wheat is the traditional staple.
The Chalukya king Someśvara III (r. circa 1126 to 1138 CE) is known to have written an encyclopedic book on called Mānasollāsa, or ‘That Which Delights The Mind’. In the section devoted to the culinary arts, he mentions the pūraṇa, a flatbread made of wheat flour and stuffed with jaggery and gram paste.

This dish was the precursor to the modern hōl̥ige/obbaṭṭu of Karnataka and the pūraṇ-pol̥ī of Maharashtra and Gujarat, now stuffed with boiled chana, jaggery and coconut.

I’m sure regional variations of the sweet-dish exist in other parts of the country. The book also describes other variations of stuffed wheat parathas like veṣṭika (a wheat-flour preparation stuffed with chana and spices such as cardamom and black pepper), maṇḍa/maṇḍaka and polika. The latter was similar to the pūraṇa and when stuffed with savoury preparations, was called angarapolika.

The maṇḍaka, a large paratha stuffed with sweetened pulse paste and baked on an inverted pot, is probably much older and dates to the timeline of Classical India.

This is the precursor to the maṇḍigē or māṇḍē popular in northern parts of Karnataka.

The Gujarati text Varanaka Samuchaya, written around the year 1520 CE, mentions that spicy parathas like the mēthī-thēplās were made from wheat flour and were eaten with rāita.

Anyway, the potato and cauliflower-like chilies — aren’t native to India and our ancestors didn’t eat the aloo and gobi parathas that some of us, moi included, are so fond of. This doesn’t mean that some enterprising Indian chef didn’t make spicy stuffed parathas from other Indian vegetables and spices, though.
Do you know in which part of Paratha is famous?

Potato paratha (aloo paratha) Alternative names Paratha, paraunthi, palata, porota, forota, farata, parontay, prontha

Place of origin :- India

Region or state:- Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia
Associated national cuisine India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Myanmar.

An unexplored hill-station in Himachal Nahan

The Fort of Nahan 1850
The place I was discussing with you today that hill town enjoys a pleasant climate throughout the year and is amazing to visit especially during monsoons.

This is one of the un-heard off yet accessible hill stations of North India. That Place I was sharing with you is called Nahan.

This hill-station perched at 932 meters above the sea-level is an amazing weekend getaway from Delhi. Located amidst the Shivalik Range, this hill-station is the headquarter of the Sirmour District.
A small story about this place had been discovered.

Nahan is situated on a hilltop in the Shiwalik Hills, overlooking green hills. Traditionally, saints and princes are linked with the origin of Nahan. The city was founded as in 1621 by Raja Karam Prakash. Another version recalls a saint who lived with a companion named Nahar on the site where the Nahan palace now stands. “Nahar” means ‘don’t kill’ and the town probably takes its name from an incident when a king was trying to kill a lion and the saint said Nahar, that is ‘do not kill it’.

The name of the saint was Baba Banwari Das. Another version is that Nahar means Lion in Sanskrit. At the place where Nahan is, Lions were there so it was named Nahar and latter called Nahan, which is the distortion of Nahar.
The famous fairs and festivals you can enjoy here!
Vaaman Dwadshi

Nahan celebrates Vaaman Dwadshi towards the end of the monsoon when fifty-two cult images of local gods are carried in procession to Jagannath Temple, where they are floated ceremoniously in a pool and are restored at midnight to their niches.
Gugga Peer Fair

A fair is celebrated in Nahan to mark the honour of Gogaji (गोगाजी) also known as Gugga (is a folk deity of Rajasthan state in India).

He is an eminent warrior-hero of the region. Hindus and Muslims alike honor him.

He is also venerated as a saint and even as ‘snake-god’. He is known as Goga among the Hindus and Jahar Peer among the Muslims. The Kaimkhani Muslims claim descent from him and regard him as a peer (saint).
Jamta Fair

The Ashtami(अष्टमी) Fair is organized in the village Jamta(जमटा) by the Gram Panchayat(ग्राम पंचायत) every year, two days prior to the “DUSSHEHRA”(दशहरा) festival.
How you reach this beautiful place by Air, Train, Road
Air
The nearest airport is Chandigarh, with Dehradun as an option. Shimla Airport is also not too far.
Rail
The nearest railway stations are Barara, Ambala, Chandigarh, and Kalka, which are connected by a regular bus service. Yamunanagar is another rail station close to the town
Road
Nahan is well connected to Himachal and rest of India through National Highway 7 and National Highway 9 Nahan is approachable from many directions by road: via Baila from Rajban, via Dehra Dun through Paonta Sahib; via Panchkula-Naraingarh-Kala Amb from Chandigarh, via Yamunanagar-Hathanikund from Haryana and via Solan-Kumarhatti from Shimla.
There are regular bus services linking it to other towns like Shimla, Chandigarh, Dehradun, Delhi, and Haridwar. If you are coming from Delhi, the best and shortest route option is to take the road via Saha. For Saha, take a right exit from NH1 after crossing Shahbad and then the bridge on River Markanda.
Top Places to Visit In Nahan
Renuka Lake, Nahan Overview

Located just 38 kilometers away from Nahan, the Renuka Lake is the perfect place to visit for people who are into nature and the solace it offers. Unlike other lakes in the area that is famous for their pristine beauty and surroundings, the Renuka Lake is renowned for its cultural history. Not only is this the largest natural lake in Himachal Pradesh regarding area (the lake covers a circumference of about 3214 meters); this fantastic water body is shaped in the form of a reclining woman, and hence is considered to be a personification of the Goddess Renuka. Other than its cultural and religious significance, the lake also offers breathtaking views to visitors who reach the ridge of the lake after passing through dense alpine forests.
All in all, Renuka Lake is the perfect holiday destination that can be visited all year round and beckons nature lovers and pious people from all across the nation.
Renuka Lake Himachal Pradesh
Suketi Fossil Park
Suketi Fossil Park, Nahan

The Suketi Fossil Park, also known as the Shivalik Fossil Park, is a prominent fossil park that is located in the Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh in India. This park is the first one in Asia to be situated on the same site where the actual fossils were unearthed, and has a collection of vertebrate fossils and skeletons that date back to the prehistoric times, and have been recovered from the upper and middle Siwaliks geological formations of sandstones and clay at Suketi.
The Suketi Fossil Park is the largest fossil park in Asia and is situated at a distance of 21 kilometers from Nahan, on the banks of the Markanda River. It is located in the upper and middle Shivaliks and has soft sandstone and clay rocks. The fossil park is famous for its open-air exhibition of six life-sized fiberglass models of extinct mammals whose skeletons and fossils were found at the location, displays of fossil finds, and the museum which displays fossil finds.
Jaitak fort Nahan
Jaitak Fort, Nahan
Built by Gurkha leader Ranjor Singh Thapa in 1810, this fort is situated on the top of Jaitak Hills. Constructed using the material recovered from the Nahan fort after it was ransacked and destroyed. It is situated at a distance of 25 km from Nahan.
Dhaula
Dhaula Kuan, Nahan

This spot has a lot of appeals
attached to it. One of the major tourist attractions, Dhaula Kuan is packed with numerous orchards housing plants of citrus fruits and mango trees.

A fruit canning factory can also be spotted there producing various fruit products like jams, pickles, juices, and canned fruits. Apart from sprawling orchards, you will also find a Kastasan Devi temple at some distance. This temple, built by Raja Jagat Singh who defeated the army of Rustam Qadir Rohilla, represents the victory in the battle.
Simbalwada Wildlife Sanctuary, Nahan

A wildlife sanctuary that is home to various migratory birds and wild animals is a hotspot of Nahan. It consists of sal forests and lush green grassland with meandering streams in this natural part of Shivaliks.

Sambhar, Chittal, Goral red jungle fowl, Partridges barking deer and wild boar are some of the famous birds and animals found here.

Mall Road
The Mall Road on Nahan is one of those places that locals like to chill at after a long day. The evenings see Mall Road abuzz with people chatting and socializing.

Jagannath Temple

One of the major attraction of the town, Jagannath Temple was built by Raja Budh Prakash in the year 1681. Dedicated to Lord Neel Madhav, this temple is constructed on the same line as the architecture of the original Puri Temple.

Kangojodi

Kangojodi is an offbeat destination nestled in the Himachal mountains lined with pine trees, surrounded by majestic hills and ravines. The place hasn’t been popularised yet and sees considerably lower volumes of tourists compared to its overcrowded counterparts.

Nahan Bada Bazar

The main bazaar area of Nahan, Nahan Bada Bazar is a shopper’s paradise and boasts of a beautiful Digambar Jain Mandir.

Sirmouri Tal Or Rajbans

Sirmouri Tal or Rajbans is an interesting place with enriched history. They are ruins of an old city which is said to be loaded with curses and intriguing tales of betrayal, craftiness, and treachery attached to it.

Best Place For Fishing

Besides the activities that involve the adrenaline rush like trekking and rock climbing, fishing is another major activity offered by the town. While lazing around in peaceful surroundings, one has an option to go fishing at various lakes and ponds which houses fishes like Mahaseer, Brown Trout and Rainbow Trout.

Rating: 1 out of 5.